Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) ©

Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) is a simple self management tool that can be used by anyone wishing to improve or manage their well-being

It’s about recognising what you need to do to stay well, and putting things in place to help you help yourself if things aren't going too well.

It doesn’t have to be onerous or time consuming – it’s put together by you, for you – so creating something personal and flexible is important to making it work in your life.

About WRAP

WRAP is about creating positive change in the way that you feel.

We all need to look after our wellness. Whether we have a mental illness or other long term condition, or simply want help in managing the ups and downs of everyday life, WRAP can work for us.

If you choose to create a WRAP you will work with a facilitator, individually or in a group, to compile the sections of your WRAP, which are:

  • wellness toolbox

  • daily maintenance plan

  • early warning signs

  • triggers

  • when things are breaking down

  • crisis plan

  • post crisis pan

How you create your WRAP is completely up to you:

  • it could be a fancy notebook with the 7 stages written down

  • it could be a scrap book full of images that remind you what you need to do to stay well

  • or a digital story online collating all the things that keep you well

It could be anything, or look like, anything you want it to – we wont be training you to do anything in a fixed or definite way – provided you cover all the key stages, it can be what you need it to be. Once you have a WRAP it should change and develop with you – not stay a static document.

WRAP was designed and is owned by Mary Ellen Copeland.

Where can I do a WRAP or get help to complete one?

You can complete a WRAP on your own or with a WRAP facilitator. Individuals often find it useful to discuss some of the sections with others in a group setting .

How can it help me?

It can help you understand more about your experience of being ‘well’, what does it really mean to you, to be well? What does it look like, smell like, taste like, feel like?

  • It helps you to identify potential triggers to unwellness and take small steps to combat these before things break down further.

  • It helps you connect more effectively with your support network

  • It can give you more control of things –at times when you are less able to manage for yourself.

  • It can help ensure your wishes are followed through in times of crisis

Is it difficult, it looks like a lot of work?

You can put as much effort into completing it as you wish.
The more that is put in, the more an you will get out of it.

The sections can be worked through at your own pace to develop a plan that works for you. It does not have to be a written document, you could have a box with items in it, a photograph album or a digital story; what ever works for you. It is something that you can review regularly and make changes as required

Developing a WRAP does take time, but there may be others who can support you to develop your plan; a worker from a voluntary sector agency, a peer support worker, or someone working in a day service. You need to think about would be the best person to help you develop your WRAP.

I have a disability and don’t think I could manage to do one

Developing your WRAP is all about you and so you can create it in the way that you find useful.
Your WRAP can be an audio recording, paintings pictures/photographs, a scrap book or typed out. If you are unable to do it yourself you could ask for assistance.

Do I have to give it to my social worker or consultant?

The WRAP belongs to the individual who completes it and you can choose who you want to share it with. However, it may be worth considering that some of the sections/information may be useful to the people who are involved in your care.

When completing your crisis plan you may name someone that you want to help you, it is important that they are aware of what has been requested agree to it and that they sign to acknowledge this. It may be useful for them to have a copy of that section.

You do however need to put your WRAP somewhere where people could access it should they need to know what your wishes are.

Will it replace a Care Plan?

A care plan is completed by a social worker to identify the specific care needs of an individual and can be used to plan services. A WRAP is a self management approach that enables an individual to have more control over all aspects of their life.

Is WRAP for me?

WRAP can be for anyone, it is completely individual to you. If you are looking for ways of improving your wellbeing and want to be proactive in doing so, then WRAP could be right for you. You may have a stressful job, a long term illness, or simply wish to improve your wellbeing, WRAP can work for you.

Who can help me write a WRAP?

You can write on your own or with a WRAP Facilitator.

Where can I find more information about wrap?

The resources below give detail of further information and places to explore.

Can WRAP be used as a team?

A WRAP can also be used within a team, looking at what keeps your team strong, the causes of tension and strategies for working together.


Find out more about


Mental Health Recovery: Mary Ellen Copeland’s website: Origins of WRAP and resources

The Recovery College: Offer courses designed to increase your knowledge and skills about recovery and self management.

Positive Psychology

Positivity Ratio: Positivity tools developed by Dr. Barbara Fredrickson.

Authentic Happiness: Learn about positive psychology through readings, videos, research, surveys, opportunities and more.

Positive Psychology UK: Information and communication opportunities for those interested in positive psychological research and practical applications in the UK


Gretchen Rubin: Gretchen Rubin's website provides information, tips and resources to help you take steps to make your life happier.

Action for Happiness: 10 keys to happier living.

The School of Life: offers a variety of programmes and services concerned with how to live wisely and well.

Brené Brown: Brené Brown’s website has books, videos and downloads relating to her studies into vulnerability, courage, worthiness and shame.