Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) ©
Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) is a simple self management tool that can be used by anyone wishing to improve or manage their well-being.
It’s about recognising what you need to do to stay well, and putting things in place to help you help yourself if things aren't going too well.
It doesn’t have to be onerous or time consuming – it’s put together by you, for you – so creating something personal and flexible is important to making it work in your life.
What is WRAP all about?
“WRAP is about creating positive change in the way that you feel.”
We all need to look after our wellness. Whether we have a mental illness or other long term condition, or simply want help in managing the ups and downs of everyday life, WRAP can work for us.
If you choose to create a WRAP you will work with a facilitator, individually or in a group, to compile the sections of your WRAP, which are:
daily maintenance plan
early warning signs
when things are breaking down
post crisis pan
How you create your WRAP is completely up to you:
it could be a fancy notebook with the 7 stages written down
it could be a scrap book full of images that remind you what you need to do to stay well
or a digital story online collating all the things that keep you well
It could be anything, or look like, anything you want it to – we wont be training you to do anything in a fixed or definite way – provided you cover all the key stages, it can be what you need it to be. Once you have a WRAP it should change and develop with you – not stay a static document.
WRAP was designed and is owned by Mary Ellen Copeland, you can learn more about Mary Ellen and the work of the Copeland Center on our resources tab.
Frequently asked questions
Q. Where can I do a WRAP or get help to complete one?
You can complete a WRAP on your own or with a WRAP facilitator. Individuals often find it useful to discuss some of the sections with others in a group setting .
Q. How can it help me?
It can help you understand more about your experience of being ‘well’, what does it really mean to you, to be well? What does it look like, smell like, taste like, feel like?
It helps you to identify potential triggers to unwellness and take small steps to combat these before things break down further.
It helps you connect more effectively with your support network
It can give you more control of things –at times when you are less able to manage for yourself.
It can help ensure your wishes are followed through in times of crisis
Q. Is it difficult, it looks like a lot of work?
You can put as much effort into completing it as you wish.
The more that is put in, the more an you will get out of it.
The sections can be worked through at your own pace to develop a plan that works for you. It does not have to be a written document, you could have a box with items in it, a photograph album or a digital story; what ever works for you. It is something that you can review regularly and make changes as required
Developing a WRAP does take time, but there may be others who can support you to develop your plan; a worker from a voluntary sector agency, a peer support worker, or someone working in a day service. You need to think about would be the best person to help you develop your WRAP.
Q. I have a disability and don’t think I could manage to do one.
Developing your WRAP is all about you and so you can create it in the way that you find useful.
Your WRAP can be an audio recording, paintings pictures/photographs, a scrap book or typed out. If you are unable to do it yourself you could ask for assistance.
Q. Do I have to give it to my social worker or consultant?
The WRAP belongs to the individual who completes it and you can choose who you want to share it with. However, it may be worth considering that some of the sections/information may be useful to the people who are involved in your care.
When completing your crisis plan you may name someone that you want to help you, it is important that they are aware of what has been requested agree to it and that they sign to acknowledge this. It may be useful for them to have a copy of that section.
You do however need to put your WRAP somewhere where people could access it should they need to know what your wishes are.
Q. Will it replace a Care Plan
A care plan is completed by a social worker to identify the specific care needs of an individual and can be used to plan services. A WRAP is a self management approach that enables an individual to have more control over all aspects of their life.
Q. Is WRAP for me?
WRAP can be for anyone, it is completely individual to you. If you are looking for ways of improving your wellbeing and want to be proactive in doing so, then WRAP could be right for you. You may have a stressful job, a long term illness, or simply wish to improve your wellbeing, WRAP can work for you.
Q. Who can help me write a WRAP?
You can write on your own or with a WRAP Facilitator.
Q. Where can I find more information about wrap?
Our resources page has a huge amount of information and places to explore to find out more.
Q. Can WRAP be used as a team?
A WRAP can also be used within a team, looking at what keeps your team strong, the causes of tension and strategies for working together.
Find out more about WRAP
Mental Health Recovery: Mary Ellen Copeland’s website: Origins of WRAP and resources
The Recovery College: Offer courses designed to increase your knowledge and skills about recovery and self management.
Positivity Ratio: World renowned researcher Dr. Barbara Fredrickson gives you the lab-tested tools necessary to create a healthier, more vibrant, and flourishing life. Fredrickson talking about the positivity ration on YouTube.
Authentic Happiness: Martin Seligman’s website; Director of the Positive Psychology Center at the University of Pennsylvania and founder of positive psychology, a branch of psychology which focuses on the empirical study of such things as positive emotions, strengths-based character, and healthy institutions.
The Positive Psychology Centre at the University of Pennsylvania. The field is founded on the belief that people want to lead meaningful and fulfilling lives, to cultivate what is best within themselves, and to enhance their experiences of love, work, and play.
Gretchen Rubin’s website: The Happiness Project: Gretchen Rubin is the author of several books, including the #1 New York Times and international bestseller, The Happiness Project—an account of the year she spent test-driving the wisdom of the ages, the current scientific studies, and the lessons from popular culture about how to be happier.
Action for Happiness: Action for Happiness is a movement for positive social change. They aim to bring together people from all walks of life who want to play a part in creating a happier society for everyone.
The School of Life: The School of Life is a cultural enterprise offering good ideas for everyday life. They offer a variety of programmes and services concerned with how to live wisely and well.
Brené Brown, Ph.D., LMSW is a research professor at the University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work. She has spent the past decade studying vulnerability, courage, worthiness, and shame.
Mary Ellen Copeland © All rights reserved. Wellness Recovery Action Plan© and WRAP © are registered trademarks.
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