Hampshire Archives and Local Studies

Documents Relating To Slavery

Items relating specifically to slaves and slavery in connection with the County of Hampshire (document references in brackets)

  • Bill for the ‘conversion of the negroes in America’, no date (17th century ) (44M69/G2/144)
  • Lists of names and amounts for the collection for redeeming slaves, no date (17th century) (44M69/G4/1/129)
  • Declaration about cargo of Negroes in the ship Returne which was taken by the Spanish, 1686 (63M84/542)
  • Abstract of title of DAB Dewar to plantations and sugar-works with Negroes on St Christopher, 1747-1816 (109M82/33)
  • Mortgage of Providence Plantation, Grenada, with Negro slaves named in schedule, 1769 (5M50/2702)
  • Chronology of the slave trade by Sir Thomas Baring, post 1810 (92M95/F2/19/275)
  • Lists of Negroes (giving names and condition) and stock belonging to the Dewar estate on the island of St Christopher, 1810-1812 (109M82/28)
  • Morning Chronicle on abolition of slave trade, 1814 (78M89/Z38/1)
  • Mortgage in fee of Woodlands Estate in St Anne, Jamaica, 1828: includes copy of return to the Register of Slaves, listing names, ages and descriptions of slaves, 28 Jun 1817 (39A01/1)
  • Letter from W Grant about Gosport petition for abolition of slavery, 1826 (44M69/F10/60/5)
  • News of anti-slavery campaign in Alton headed by Quakers, 1830 (12M58/8)
  • Letter about condition of slaves in Carolina, USA, 1830 (COPY499/1)
  • Court action about replacement of Negro slaves on St Christopher, 1838 (109M82/38)
  • Manuscript account by Lydia Prideaux of Plymouth recounting the stay of a group of emancipated Havana slaves in Plymouth workhouse on their way home to West Africa, 1855 (16M97/13/11)
  • Letter from James W Butler MP mentioning the emancipation of slaves, 1833/4 (75M91/M8)
  • List of Negroes belonging to the Dewar estate, on the Island of St Christopher, West Indies, giving their names and state of health (photocopy) (109M82/76/1)
  • Report of the Committee of the Society in London for the abolition of slavery, Hampshire Chronicle, 8 Sep 1788 (3A00W/A3/6)
  • Report of the Committee of the Society in London for the abolition of slavery, Hampshire Chronicle, 4 May 1789 (3A00W/A3/6)
  • My Antiguan connection and beyond by P Duncombe (a slave-owning family in Antigua),1993 (GENEALOGY/111)
  • West Meon burial register entry, 6 Apr 1801: John Elton  ‘A Black (Caesario Rodorigo a native of Madagascar, was taken prisoner with his master a French officer at the Island of Diego Rois in the Indian seas by Captain William Brereton 1761, who received him from slavery & brought him to England under whose protection he has lived near forty years. He was christened at his own request by Jonathan Rasleigh, Rector of Wykeham Hants, by the name of John Elton & at the age of about 56 years he died in Captn. Brereton's service on Good Friday 3rd April 1801…’ (67M81/PR6)
  • Family scrapbook including an early-mid 19th century engraving which includes a ‘black boy servant’, by A Soloman and G A Periam (108M91/26)
  • 11M49 Commons Journals:
  • 8 Feb 1788: “A petition of the Mayor, Bailiffs, Burgesses, and Inhabitants, of the Town and County of the Town of Southampton… [and others from Huntingdonshire, Birmingham and York] Were severally presented to the House, and read; Representing the present State of the African Slave Trade, as being contrary to the Principles of Justice, Humanity, good Policy, and Religion; and submitting the same to the Consideration of the House. And the said Petitions were severally ordered to lie upon the Table.”
  • 9 May 1788 (by this time 101 petitions received): titles of petitions read; House resolves to take matter into consideration early in next session.
  • 1 Mar 1792: A Petition of the Gentlemen, Clergy, Yeomen, Manufacturers, and others, in the Town and Vicinity of Alton, in the County of Southampton… [and 13 others] Were severally presented to the House, and read; Praying for an Abolition of the Slave Trade…
  • 26 Mar 1792: A Petition of the Inhabitants of Portsmouth, Portsmouth Common, and Gosport, whose Names are thereunto subscribed… [and 29 others] Were severally presented to the House, and read; Praying for an Abolition of the Slave Trade…
  • 28 Mar 1792: A Petition of the Inhabitants of the Town of Fordingbridge, in the County of Southampton: And also: A Petition of the Inhabitants of the Town of Ringwood, in the County of Southampton… [and 20 others] Were severally presented to the House, and read; Praying for an Abolition of the Slave Trade…
  • 30 Mar: A Petition of the Mayor, Aldermen, Burgesses, and Inhabitants of the Town and Parish of Basingstoke, in the County of Southampton… [and 47 others] Were severally presented to the House, and read; Praying for an Abolition of the Slave Trade…
  • 2 Apr 1792: A Petition of the Inhabitants of the Borough and Parish of Whitchurch, in the County of Southampton… [and 24 others] Were severally presented to the House, and read; Praying for an Abolition of the Slave Trade…
  • Note: other Hants petitions in 1792 include petition of trustees under act for paving etc at Portsmouth Common, Portsea; petition of inhabitants of Southampton for repealing act for regulating the poor
  • Extract from a letter from William Curtis in Alton to his wife Jane at Thomas Heath’s, Andover, 25 Oct 1830:
  • ‘Is there no one in Andover to be found who will act the part of a Mrs Heath in the slave question? A female antislavery association seems to be wanted there to spread information – the one formed here [Alton] has flourished amazingly and distributed pamphlets in all directions. The Alton petition has been ??ly signed and that to the house of Lords will be given to the bishop to present. Many of the neighbouring parishes are following our example – the exertion of Quakers & other dissenters has roused the clergy & several parsons are very active, as will be seen by the paragraph one of them inserted in the Hampshire paper respecting the ?? ?? A gentlemans committee is about to be formed to correspond with the antislavery society in London. Emma as secretary to the Ladies’ association has had occasion to write to one of the London secretaries, a George Stevens I believe – and has also written a very long account of their proceedings to Hannah Misson the founder.’ (12M58/8)
  • Old Alresford Churchwardens’ accounts: payment of 1s ‘to several Seamen lately come out of Slavery’, 1749 (43M74/PW1)