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Hampshire Cultural Trust

Insects

The British insect or entomology collection is based on the individual collections of K G Blair, C H Dixon, B Goater, S J Grove, P Holloway, I R Hudson, J F Marshall, E Neal, B J Pinchen, G B Prior, H D Swain and others. There are also regular deposits of voucher material by staff and other persons undertaking entomological surveys within Hampshire.

Hampshire Museums Service entomological collections are acknowledged as an important regional resource for reference and scientific study. Many families in the major orders of British insects are represented by over two thirds of the species so far recorded from the United Kingdom.

Coleoptera (beetles)
Stag beetleThis includes the individual beetle collections of K G Blair, S J Grove, G N Holland, D H Murray, B J Pinchen and F C Stanley. By far the most important is the K G Blair collection with 15,000+ specimens. This contains beetles collected by many other collectors including L F Barton, R B Benson, W S Bristowe, G C Champion, Miss L E Cheeseman, W E China, L G Cox, D H S Davis, H D Donisthorpe, F W Edwards, L F Hawkins, O G Heath, H G Jeffery, R W Lloyd, A M Massee, R Spittle, C E Stott, J R Tomlin, J J Walker, G B Walsh, A R Waterston, J Waterston, and J R E Wright.

Photo: Stag beetle Lucanus cervus

The following table gives an analysis of our current knowledge of the collection. The whole collection is currently undergoing re-organisation and only those families so far dealt with are listed below in alphabetical order. Information on the number of species for each family within the United Kingdom is based on the checklists provided by The Coleopterist at www.coleopterist.org.uk and in the relevant publications listed in the references section below.

The analysis was last updated on 10 April 2006.

Family HCCMS Collection
specimens (species)
Approximate %
of UK species present
Bolboceridae 2(1) 100
Bupestridae 63(12) 75
Byrrhidae 103(10) 77
Carabidae 2679(291) 77
Cerambycidae 662(53) 83
Chrysomelidae 2973(217) 79
Clambidae 27(5) 50
Coccinellidae 589(36) 75
Dascillidae 14(1) 100
Dryopidae 61(6) 67
Dytiscidae 730(91) 78
Elateriidae 474(49) 68
Elmidae 91(7) 58
Eucinetidae 0(0) 0
Georissidae 17(1) 100
Geotrupidae 89(7) 100
Gyrinidae 137(12) 100
Haliplidae 191(14) 74
Helophoridae 201(16) 80
Histeridae 225(30) 60
Hydraenidae 221(21) 68
Hydrochidae 17(3) 43
Hydrophilidae 552(53) 75
Leiodidae 252(59) 63
Limnichidae 11(1) 100
Kateretidae 30(3) 33
Lucanidae 70(3) 75
Megalopodidae 25(3) 100
Meloidae 79(6) 60
Mordellidae 23(7) 70
Nitidulidae (Meligethinae) 732(66) 75
Noteridae 26(2) 100
Oedemeridae 72(8) 80
Orsodacnidae 19(2) 100
Paelobiidae 5(1) 100
Pselaphidae 95(27) 55
Ptilidae 251(28) 38
Rhipiphoridae 6(1) 100
Scraptiidae 96(9) 53
Scarabaeidae 600(66) 77
Scirtidae 153(15) 75
Scydmaenidae 88(18) 56
Silphidae 196(18) 86
Spercheidae 0(0) 0
Sphaeritidae 1(1) 100
Sphaeriusidae 0(0) 0
Staphylinidae 4959(672) 62
Trogidae 21(3) 100

References
Kirk-Spriggs, A.H. 1996. Pollen Beetles. Coleoptera: Kateretidae and Nitidulidae: Meligethinae. Handbk Ident. Br. Insects, 5 (6a), 1-157. London: Royal Entomological Society.
Pope, R.D. 1977. A checklist of British insects (2nd edition), Part 3, Coleoptera and Strepsiptera. Handbk Ident. Br. Insects, 9. London: Royal Entomological Society.
Twinn, P.F.G. & Harding, P.T. 1999. Provisional atlas of the longhorn beetles (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) of Britain. Huntingdon: Biological Records Centre.

 

Diptera (true flies)

RobberflyThis collection includes hoverflies, horseflies, soldierflies, robberflies, craneflies and many other groups. The main collectors represented are K G Blair, J P Brazenor, C D Day, S J Grove, I R Hudson, J F Marshall, C J Palmer and B J Pinchen. Of particular interest is the last specimen of Choerades gilvus (robberfly) -photo, and one of only two Scaeva albomaculata (hoverfly) to be seen in Britain as well as specimens and equipment from John Marshall's British Mosquito Control Institute on Hayling Island, Hampshire (1925 - c1939).

Catalogue of the Diptera:Ptychopteridae collection 24kb pdf

The following table gives an analysis of our current knowledge of the collection. The arrangement of families and the number of UK species follows Chandler (1998).

The analysis was last updated 30 June 2001.
+ = definitely present ? = unknown

Family HCCMS Collection
specimens (species)
Approximate % of UK
species present
Tipulidae
Cylindrotomidae
Pediciidae
Limoniidae
524(?) ?
Bibionidae +(?) ?
Bolitophilidae ? ?
Diadocidiidae ? ?
Ditomyiidae ? ?
Keroplatidae ? ?
Mycetophilidae ? ?
Sciaridae ? ?
Cecidomyiidae ? ?
Psychodidae +(?) ?
Trichoceridae ? ?
Anisopodidae ? ?
Mycetobiidae ? ?
Scatopsidae ? ?
Ptychopteridae ? ?
Dixidae ? ?
Chaoboridae ? ?
Culicidae ?(20) 61
Thaumaleidae ? ?
Simuliidae +(?) ?
Ceratopogonidae +(?) ?
Chironomidae +(?) ?
Xylophagidae 13(2) 67
Athericidae 13(2) 67
Rhagionidae 177(7) 47
Tabanidae 508(23) 77
Xylomyidae 22(2) 67
Stratiomyidae 712(40) 83
Acroceridae 21(3) 100
Bombyliidae 40(6) 67
Therevidae 50(7) 50
Scenopinidae 2(1) 50
Asilidae 509(23) 79
Astelestidae ?(?) ?
Hybotidae
Empididae
570(?) ?
Microphoridae ? ?
Dolichopodidae 736(108) 38
Opetiidae 0(0) 0
Platypezidae +(?) ?
Phoridae +(?) ?
Lonchopteridae +(?) ?
Syrphidae 3968(224) 84
Pipunculidae 152(40) 43
Pseudopomyzidae 0 0
Micropezidae 40(7) 78
Tanypezidae 0 0
Strongylophthalmyiidae 0 0
Megamerinidae 4(1) 100
Psilidae 74(11) 42
Conopidae 248(16) 67
Lonchaeidae +(?) ?
Pallopteridae 47(10) 83
Piophilidae +(?) ?
Ulidiidae 171(14) 70
Platystomatidae 28(2) 100
Tephritidae 618(60) 82
Lauxaniidae +(?) ?
Chamaemyiidae +(?) ?
Coelopidae 57(2) 100
Dryomyzidae 18(5) 83
Phaeomyiidae 9(2) 100
Sciomyzidae 475(40) 61
Sepsidae 100(7) 26
Clusiidae +(?) ?
Acartophthalmidae ? ?
Odiniidae ? ?
Agromyzidae +(?) ?
Opomyzidae +(?) ?
Anthomyzidae +(?) ?
Aulacigastridae ? ?
Stenomicridae ? ?
Periscelididae ? ?
Asteiidae ? ?
Milichiidae ? ?
Carnidae ? ?
Braulidae ? ?
Tethinidae ? ?
Canacidae ? ?
Chloropidae +(?) ?
Heleomyzidae (?) ?
Chyromyidae ? ?
Sphaeroceridae +(?) ?
Drosophilidae +(?) ?
Campichoetidae ? ?
Diastatidae ? ?
Camillidae ? ?
Ephydridae +(?) ?
Hippoboscidae 43(7) 50
Nycteribiinae 2(2) 67
Scathophagidae +(?) ?
Anthomyiidae +(?) ?
Fanniidae +(?) ?
Muscidae +(?) ?
Calliphoridae +(?) ?
Rhinophoridae +(?) ?
Sarcophagidae +(?) ?
Tachinidae 600(?) ?
Oestridae 10(4) 36

References
Chandler, P.J. (Ed.) 1998. Checklists of Insects of the British Isles (New Series). Part 1: Diptera (Incorporating a List of Irish Diptera). Handbk Ident. Br. Insects 12 (1), i-xix, 1-234. Royal Entomological Society, London.
Palmer, C. J. 1996. A further record of Scaeva albomaculata in Britain and a note on the K G Blair collection of British Diptera. Dipterists Digest 2: 97-99.

 

Hymenoptera  - bees, wasps ,ants
Horntail sawfly This collection includes the ants, bees, wasps, sawflies, ichneumon flies and their allies. The main collectors represented are K G Blair, C D Day, M Edwards, I R Hudson B J Pinchen and H D Swain.

Photo: Horntail sawfly Sirex gigas

Catalogue of the Hymenoptera: Vespidae (Eumeninae) collection 40kb pdf

The following table gives an analysis of our current knowledge of the collection. The arrangement of aculeate families and the number of UK species of aculeates is based on the various newsletters and atlases produced by the Bees, Wasps and Ants Recording Society, together with the monographs of Day (1988), Morgan (1984) and Richards (1980) and the checklist provided by Fitton et al (1978). The number of UK species of Symphyta (except Tenthredinidae) is based on the checklist in Quinlan & Gauld (1981). Many thousands of Parasitica (some with hosts) remain unsorted and undetermined.

The analysis was last updated on 31 July 2001.

Suborder/Family HCCMS Collection
specimens (species)
Approximate % of UK
species present
Symphyta (except Tenthredinidae) 256(49) 59
Symphyta (Tenthredinidae) 1229(179+) ?
Bethylidae +(?) ?
Chrysididae 242(21+) 64+
Dryinidae ? ?
Embolemidae ? ?
Tiphiidae 72(4) 100
Mutillidae 43(2) 100
Sapygidae 13(2) 100
Formicidae 493(30) 59
Pompilidae 443(34) 77
Vespidae (Eumeninae) 287(16) 73
Vespidae (Vespinae) 266(10) 100
Sphecidae 1736(86) 73
Apidae c.3000(?) ?

References
Day, M.C. 1988. Spider Wasps. Hymenoptera: Pompilidae. Handbk Ident. Br. Insects 6 (4), 1-60. London: Royal Entomological Society.
Edwards, R. (ed.) 1997. Provisional atlas of the aculeate Hymenoptera of Britain and Ireland Part 1. Bees, Wasps and Ants Recording Society. 139pp. Huntingdon: Biological Records Centre.
Edwards, R. (ed.) 1998. Provisional atlas of the aculeate Hymenoptera of Britain and Ireland Part 2. Bees, Wasps and Ants Recording Society. 138pp. Huntingdon: Biological Records Centre
Fitton, M.G. et al. 1978. A Check List of British Insects. Part 4: Hymenoptera. Handbk Ident. Br. Insects 11 (4), i-ix, 1-159. London: Royal Entomological Society
Morgan, D. 1984. Cuckoo-Wasps. Hymenoptera, Chrysididae. Handbk Ident. Br. Insects 6, Part 5. London: Royal Entomological Society.
Quinlan, J. & Gauld, I.D. 1981. Symphyta (except Tenthredinidae). Hymenoptera. (New Edition). Handbk Ident. Br. Insects, 6, Part 2(a). London: Royal Entomological Society.
Richards, O.W. 1980. Scolioidea, Vespoidea and Sphecoidea. Hymenoptera, Aculeata. Handbk Ident. Br. Insects, 6, Part 3(b). London: Royal Entomological Society

 

Lepidoptera - butterflies, moths
The collection contains approximately 28,000 specimens of British and European butterflies and British moths.

The main collectors represented are K G Blair (butterflies & moths), J M Clark (butterflies), C H Dixon (moths), B Elliott (moths), D Ffennell (butterflies), B Goater (moths), P Holloway (butterflies and moths), J R Langmaid (moths), R B Robertson (moths), E Neal (butterflies and moths) D O'Keeffe (moths) and G B Prior (butterflies), E C L Simson (butterflies an moths). K G Blair (1882-1952) was a well respected entomologist who has three species of moth named after him in Britain, Blair's mocha (Cyclophora puppillaria), Blair's wainscot (Sedina buettneri) and Blair's shoulder-knot (Lithophane leautieri). Biographical details for K G Blair are available in the 'Biographical Dictionary' at www.coleopterist.org.uk.

The following table gives an analysis of our current knowledge of the collection. The arrangement of families and the number of UK species follows Bradley (1998). The analysis was last updated 24 June 2003.

Family HCCMS Collection
specimens (species)
Approximate % of UK
species present
Micropterigidae 12 (3) 60
Eriocraniidae 5 (2) 25
Hepialidae 154 (5) 100
Nepticulidae 16 (5) 5
Opostegidae 0 (0) 0
Tischeriidae 4 (2) 33
Incurvariidae 45 (13) 76
Heliozelidae 1 (1) 20
Cossidae 43 (3) 100
Zygaenidae 252 (9) 90
Limacodidae 31 (2) 100
Psychidae 43 (7) 33
Tineidae 92 (21) 29
Bucculatricidae 1 (1) 7
Douglasiidae 16 (1) 50
Roeslerstammiidae 0 (0) 0
Gracillariidae 174 (44) 48
Sesiidae 261 (15) 100
Choreutidae 25 (4) 67
Glyphipterigidae 17 (5) 63
Yponomeutidae 143 (41) 51
Lyonetiidae 32 (6) 67
Coleophoridae 100 (41) 38
Elachistidae 24 (4) 9
Oecophoridae 152 (41) 45
Gelechiidae 174 (52) 33
Autostichidae 6 (1) 25
Blastobasidae 8 (2) 50
Batrachedridae 1 (1) 33
Momphidae 32 (12) 80
Cosmopterigidae 15 (6) 67
Scythrididae 5 (2) 18
Tortricidae 998 (200) 52
Epermeniidae 15 (5) 63
Schreckensteiniidae 0 (0) 0
Alucitidae 14 (1) 100
Pyralidae 1373 (129) 60
Pterophoridae 467 (34) 80
Hesperidae
Papilionidae
Lycaenidae
Nymphalidae
7855 (196 European species) 86
Lasiocampidae 446 (11) 92
Saturniidae 29 (1) 50
Endromidae 26 (1) 100
Drepanidae 192 (15) 94
Geometridae 7381 (281) 88
Sphingidae 330 (17) 65
Notodontidae 634 (24) 89
Thaumetopoeidae 0 (0) 0
Lymantriidae 252 (10) 91
Arctiidae 909 (31) 86
Ctenuchidae 0 (0) 0
Nolidae 102 (5) 100
Noctuidae 4756 (338) 76
Agaristidae 0 (0) 0

References
Bradley, J. D. (1998) Checklist of Lepidoptera recorded from the British Isles. 106pp. D. J. & M. J. Bradley.

 

Other Insect Orders bugs, dragonflies, grasshoppers
DragonflyThis collection includes all insect orders other than the Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera. The main collectors represented are K G Blair and J P Brazenor.

Photo: Golden-ringed dragonfly Cordulegaster boltoni

The following table gives an analysis of our current knowledge of the collection. Information on the number of UK species is derived from the relevant publications listed in the 'References' section. However, for Orthoptera, Dictyoptera and Dermaptera, the number of species in the collection (as well as the calculation of 'Approximate % of UK species present') is based only on native species. The reason for this is that there are many introduced species for these orders in the UK either as casual records or living in specialised environments, such as glasshouses.

The analysis was last updated on 30 July 2001.
+ = definitely present ? = unknown

Order HCCMS Collection
specimens (species)
Approximate % of UK
species present
Collembola (springtails) + ?
Dermaptera (earwigs) 69(4) 100
Dictyoptera (cockroaches) 90(3) 100
Ephemeroptera (mayflies) 823(42) 89
Hemiptera (true bugs) 2813(?) ?
Mecoptera (scorpion flies 55(4) 100
Megaloptera (alder flies) 31(3) 100
Neuroptera (true lacewings) 573(41) 59
Odonata (dragonflies) 402(36) 63
Orthoptera (grasshoppers) 581(25) 93
Plecoptera (stoneflies) 209(?) ?
Psocoptera (booklice) + ?
Raphidioptera (snakeflies) 34(4) 100
Siphonaptera (fleas) + ?
Thysanoptera (thrips) + ?
Thysanura (bristle-tails) + ?
Trichoptera (caddis flies) 901(131) 69

References
Bratton, J.H. 1990. A review of the scarcer Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera of Great Britain. 40pp. Nature Conservancy Council.
Haes, E.C.M. and Harding, P.T. 1997. Atlas of grasshoppers, crickets and allied insects in Britain and Ireland. 61pp. Natural Environment Research Council.
Macan, T.T. 1973. A Key to the Adults of the British Trichoptera. Scientific Publication No. 28. 1-151. Freshwater Biological Association.
Merritt, R., Moore, N.W. & Eversham, B.C. 1996. Atlas of the dragonflies of Britain and Ireland. 1-151. London: The Stationary Office.
Plant, C. W. 1994. Provisional atlas of the lacewings and allied insects (Neuroptera, Megaloptera, Raphidioptera and Mecoptera) of Britain and Ireland. 1-203. Huntingdon: Biological Records Centre.

 

 

Contacts

Christine Taylor,
Keeper of Natural Sciences,
Hampshire Cultural Trust
Chilcomb House, Chilcomb Lane
Winchester, Hampshire, SO23 8RD
tel 01962 826700

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