Employment with training
Learning for longer - training while you work
If you are 16 years old and decide to get a job (for 20 hours or more a week) once you leave secondary education, you are required to attend part-time education or learning for one day per week which leads to an accredited qualification. You must continue your training while you work until the end of the academic year in which you turn 17.
If needed, your employer must agree reasonable hours of work to enable to you attend your training. Your employer may also be able to offer you in-house training.
Employers recognise the value of recruiting young people and providing them with a training structure that enables them to gain valuable professional qualifications, and broaden your skills and experience.
Useful job hunting tips
There are many websites which advertise job vacancies - see the useful links.
Go to the National Careers Service website.
Look at the recruitment pages in local newspapers.
Ask friends and family if they know of any jobs or have any ideas or contacts.
Try the local job centre or recruitment agencies.
Look out for adverts in shop windows, supermarkets, restaurants, cafes and hotel.
Write a CV and covering letter to show employers.
If you are phoning employers, or have an interview, prepare by find out what the company does and the sort of jobs they offer. If necessary, write a prompt sheet with notes and what you want to ask.
Here are some of the key money things you need to know about when you leave school are:
Many employers require you to have a bank account in order to pay you your wages. There are different accounts available, some specifically for young people from 11 to 18 years old. Check out the banks and shop around for the best deals.
National Minimum Wage
This is set by the Government and is usually reviewed in October every year. It is the legal minimum amount that an employer can pay you. For the latest information, go to the Directgov website.
This is a summary of your wages and could be provided weekly, fortnightly or monthly depending on the employer. It details your basic pay and then any additions, for example overtime or deductions such as tax, national insurance payments etc.
National Insurance contributions
Near your 16th birthday, you should receive your National Insurance Number usually in the form of a card. You need to keep this safe because you will need to provide this number to future employers. It is your own personal number that never changes. The number makes sure that the National Insurance contributions and tax you pay are properly recorded on your account. It also acts as a reference number for the whole social security system.
Your National Insurance contributions appear on your payslip if you have earned enough money to contribute. Your employer will also make a contribution based on your wage. You can find out more at the Directgov website.
Income tax is a tax on income that the Government take and not all income is taxable. You are allowed to earn an amount of money before you pay tax this is called your tax free allowance. It is usually taken by your employer and will appear on your payslip. To find out more visit, go to the Directgov website.
You will receive one of these every year from your employer. It summarises your wages for the year from April to April including any tax and national Insurance you have paid. It is important to keep it safe because you usually cannot get a duplicate.
You receive a P45 from your employer once you leave a job. It details your pay to date and any deductions made. It is important to pass it onto your new employer so that they know what deductions they should be making. You can find out more at the Directgov website.