Chastisement and punishmentThis page provides practical advice about based on the County Council's best understanding of current legislation. However, Hampshire County Council cannot provide legal advice to parents or carers.
Smacking should be a last resort
It is important to remember that smacking should be a last resort. More information and advice on other ways of disciplining children is available from experts and charities who work with children, such as the NSPCC and Family Lives.
What does the law say?
Parents have the right to make choices about reasonable punishments, but there is a fine line between "reasonable chastisement" (which is a defence in law) and assault (which is a criminal offence).
A smack might be considered to be reasonable chastisement if it is
- open-handed (not administered with a fist or any kind of implement)
- administered on a part of the body where it will not cause harm
- not severe enough to leave a mark.
Depending on the circumstances, an open-handed smack on a child's bottom, if it does not leave a mark, might therefore be considered "reasonable chastisement", whereas a smack on the head - even open-handed - might be considered assault, as it could cause harm.
Can anyone else smack my child?
It is against the law for teachers, nursery workers and childcare workers to smack another person's child. But anybody employed privately by a parent, such as a babysitter or nanny, may smack a child as long as the parent gives permission.