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Inspection and Advisory Service (HIAS)

Why teach PSHE and citizenship?

Personal, social and health education (PSHE), careers education, work-related learning and citizenship deal directly with the diverse values, beliefs and attitudes of individuals and society. They help pupils acquire the attitudes and values which are necessary if they are to make sense of their experiences, value themselves and respect others, appreciate difference and diversity and feel confident and informed.

The National Forum for Values in Education and the Community defined a statement of values for self, relationships, society and the environment on which they believe there is consensus.

The self

We value ourselves as unique human beings capable of spiritual, moral, intellectual and physical growth and development


We value others for themselves, not only for what they have or what they can do for us. We value relationships as fundamental to the development and fulfilment of ourselves and others, and to the good of the community.


We value truth, freedom, justice, human rights, the rule of law and collective effort for the common good. In particular we value families as sources of love and support for all their members, and as the basis of a society in which people care for others.


We value the environment, both natural and shaped by humanity, as the basis of life and a source of wonder and inspiration.

This statement is included in full in the National Curriculum handbooks for primary and secondary schools, teachers are encouraged to believe that they will feel supported by society if their teaching and school ethos is based on these values.

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