2001 Census: National Statistics Socio-Economic Classification
These tables give information about Socio-Economic Classification. The National Statistics Socio-economic Classification (NS-SeC) was designed to replace the old Social Class and Socio-economic Group classifications. It is derived from a combination of occupation and job status i.e. employer, self-employed or employee, managerial/supervisory responsibility, number of employees and so on. It is also used to classify the individual rather than the household. There are eight occupation based categories, plus three categories for long term unemployed, full time students and people who have never worked. All people aged 16-74 years are included in these tables.
|All people Aged 16-74||Large Employers and Higher Managerial Occupations||Higher Professional Occupations||Lower Managerial and Professional Occupations||Intermediate Occupations||Small Employers and Own Account Workers|
|Basingstoke & Deane||111,843||6.05||7.48||22.16||12.16||6.86|
|Hampshire (Including Portsmouth and Southampton)||1,192,452||4.25||5.93||20.37||10.41||7.01|
|All people aged 16-74||Lower Supervisory and Technical Occupations||Semi-Routine Occupations||Routine Occupations||Never Worked||Long-Term Unemployed||Full-Time Students||Not Classifiable for Other Reasons|
|Basingstoke & Deane||111,843||7.42||10.83||8.12||0.98||0.33||4.51||13.09|
|Hampshire (Including Portsmouth and Southampton)||1,192,452||7.58||11.16||8.12||1.4||0.52||7.34||15.9|
In the 2001 Census around 16 per cent of Hampshire residents and 18 per cent of England & Wales residents could not be classified. Since this table relates to 16-74 year olds, most of these are likely to be retired people, although there will be some that did not give sufficient information about their job for a classification to be made.
The most common classification in 2001, both in Hampshire and England and Wales, was Lower Managerial and Professional. At 22 per cent of the Hampshire population, this classification applied to a larger proportion than in England and Wales (19 per cent).
Hampshire had a smaller than the England and Wales average proportion of people in non-working classifications in 2001 (never worked, long term unemployed, students and non-classifiable) with 23 per cent compared to 28.7 per cent. There was also a smaller percentage of the population in routine and semi-routine occupations, with 18.5 per cent for Hampshire and 20.8 per cent for England and Wales in 2001.
Hampshire had a higher than the England and Wales average proportion of people in all other classifications, particularly in those relating to managerial and professional occupations, where Hampshire had 32.7 per cent and England and Wales 27.1 per cent.
More than twice the national percentage of Large Employers and Higher Managerial occupations could be found in Hart in 2001. Nearly 8 per cent of Hart’s 16-74 year olds were in this category, compared to 3.4 per cent for England and Wales and 4.8 per cent for Hampshire. Hart also had the highest proportion in Hampshire of Higher Professionals and Lower Managerial & Professional occupations. Gosport had the lowest proportion in each of these three categories.
Gosport had the highest proportion of Lower Supervisory and Technical occupations in Hampshire in 2001 with 10.3 per cent, and this figure was also higher than the national average of 7.2 per cent – this is the category that includes the majority of military personnel.
All Hampshire districts had fewer full time students than nationally (all around 5 per cent, compared to 7 per cent in England & Wales) with the exception of Winchester, which had 9 per cent.
Men in Hampshire were three times more likely to be classified in Higher Managerial and Higher Professional occupations than women in 2001, and more than twice as likely to be self employed or small employers. Women were just as likely to be in lower managerial / professional occupations as men.
In 2001 there were a markedly greater proportion of women than men in intermediate occupations and in semi-routine occupations, but there were more men in routine occupations. Almost twice as many women than men were unclassified in 2001; this was mostly because of the lower retirement age for women. Women that had given up work to look after the family/home are usually classified according to their last job, so would not normally appear in this category.
Portsmouth and Southampton
The most common classification in the two cities in 2001 echoed that of Hampshire and England and Wales as it was lower managerial and professional occupations, with 17.7 per cent of the population aged 16-74 classified in this group in Portsmouth and 15.8 per cent in Southampton.
In contrast to Hampshire’s districts, both cities had a higher than the England and Wales average percentage of people in non-working classifications (never worked, long term unemployed, students and non-classifiable) (29.6 per cent in Portsmouth and 33.7 per cent in Southampton). A larger percentage of the populations of both cities were also classified as having routine or semi-routine occupations.
A lower percentage than the Hampshire or England and Wales average also occupied the managerial and professional occupations in the two cities, with 25.4 per cent for Portsmouth and 23 per cent for Southampton.
As we would expect, there was a much higher proportion of students in Portsmouth (11 per cent) and Southampton (16 per cent) than in Hampshire’s districts (Hampshire county average 5.2 per cent). Full time students were all classified in this category, regardless of whether or not they also have jobs.