The 27 wooden tankards recovered from the Mary Rose were found distributed throughout the ship.
They were the personal property of members of the crew and would have been stowed with the rest of their kit as the ship prepared for action.
Owners inscribed simple individual identification marks usually two or three straight lines intersected at distinctive angles. The staves were normally pine although many different species of wood have been identified.
This tankard was made from oak, poplar and pine. These materials were commonly found and the construction technique well known so that they were the most widely used drinking vessels for the crew.
A complete mortar grater or spice/peppermill of ash and the top section of another in cherry discovered on the Mary Rose are the only securely dated sixteenth century examples known in Britain. Profiting from, and controlling the valuable Spice Trade was one of the main objectives for those voyaging to the New World and to the Far East during the Age of Exploration.
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