Gun Being Raised

Gun being raised

...located on the stern upper deck and was found with its elm gun carriage

This Gun, of a type known as a Culverin, was lifted from the wreck site of the Mary Rose in 1980.

It was located on the stern upper deck and was found with its elm gun carriage.

The maker is unknown but the gun is dated to 1535 and bears a Tudor Rose ensigned with the Royal crown and surrounded by the Garter which bears the inscription HONY SOYTE QVY MAL Y PENCE.

The crown is superimposed over the top part of the Garter.


Quick Facts

  • Artefact number #80A0976
  • Made of bronze
  • Maker unknown
  • Gun bore size 13.7cm (5.4ins)
  • Dimensions Length 2.95m (9ft 8ins), Weight 2977lbs
  • Date made 1535
  • Found on The Mary Rose
  • Date lifted 1980


  • There were seven broadside guns found on the starboard side of the main deck of the Mary Rose, presumably matched by a similar number on the missing port side. Other heavy guns were found on the upper and castle decks.
  • The guns discovered on the Mary Rose were a mixture of muzzle-loading cast bronze guns and breech-loading wrought iron guns. The bronze guns rested on elm carriages with four small solid wheels. These enabled them to be run back for cleaning and loading. The iron shot they fired were capable of damaging the hull, upper works and rigging of opposing vessels as well as killing the crew.

Did you know?

The Most Noble Order of the Garter, founded in 1348, is the highest order of chivalry, or knighthood, existing in England. Membership in the order is limited to the Sovereign, the Prince of Wales, and no more than twenty-four members, or Companions. The order's emblem, depicted on insignia, is a garter with the motto Honi soit qui mal y pense (Old French: "shame upon him who thinks evil upon it", or "evil to him who evil thinks").


Tudor Rose and inscription on gun

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