Staying Safe



When you walk to school, to your friend's house or anywhere at all, you must follow six simple steps before crossing the road.

These handy rules are called the Green Cross Code:

  1. First find a safer place to cross, then stop
  2. Stand on the pavement, near the kerb
  3. Look and listen for traffic and think about
    what you're doing
  4. Wait until its safe to cross. If you are unsure,
    don't cross
  5. Keep looking and listening as you cross the road
  6. Walk straight across the road - don't run

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Pelican crossings

  • Pelican crossings have a green man and red man signal and a wait box. When you want to cross, push the button and wait for the green man signal to appear on the other side of the road, before you cross

  • When the traffic has stopped and the green man signal is showing, you can start to walk across the road

  • Remember to look and listen for traffic when you cross

Did you know?

Pelican crossings take their name from Pedestrian light controlled crossing.

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Zebra crossings

zebra crossing
  • Zebra crossings have black and white stripes across the road
  • Wait on the pavement until traffic has stopped. Traffic should stop if drivers see you waiting to cross
  • When it's safe, walk straight across the road
  • Make sure you keep looking and listening for traffic

Take Two

Sometimes zebra crossings have a traffic island in the middle. Think of this as another crossing.

  • Remember the Green Cross Code? When it's safe, cross to the traffic island then stop
  • Use the Green Cross Code again to cross the second part of the road. Again, keep looking and listening

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Puffin crossings

Puffin crossings
  • Puffin crossings are very similar to pelican crossings
  • They have the green and red man signals and a box with a button to press
  • You'll find the green and red man signals on a post beside you, where you are waiting to cross

You must keep looking at the signal post to see when it is safe to cross.

  • Only cross on the green man signal and always check that the traffic has stopped, then cross carefully

Did you know?

Puffins crossings are Pedestrian User Friendly and Intelligent.

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Toucan crossings

Toucan Crossing

Two can play that game

  • Toucan crossings allow pedestrians and cyclists to go across the road at the same time
  • As well as the green man signal for pedestrians, there is also a green bicycle signal for people on bikes
  • You must push the button, like at a pelican crossing, to stop the traffic
  • Always check that all the traffic has stopped before crossing
  • Keep looking and listening for traffic as you cross

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Using a footbridge

  • Footbridges allow you to walk over traffic using a bridge. They allow you to cross safely without slowing down the traffic
  • If you see one, make sure you use it if you have to cross the road
  • Never throw anything from a footbridge as it is extremely dangerous and could cause a serious accident below

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Using a subway

  • Subways are tunnels under the road that you can walk through to reach the other side safely
  • You'll only find pedestrians and some cyclists using the tunnel - there is no traffic!
  • If you have to use a subway, try to be with a friend or an adult that you know and trust
  • Sometimes subways can be dirty and dark and are not always the nicest place to cross the road

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Traffic islands

Traffic Islands
  • Traffic islands usually have yellow and white bollards in the middle of the road
  • Bollards have a blue circle sign with a white arrow inside for drivers
  • Traffic won't stop for you at traffic islands
  • If you cross at a traffic island, you must treat the road as two roads
  • Follow the Green Cross Code and stop when you reach the middle
  • Use the Green Cross Code again to make sure you get across the road safely

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Traffic lights

Traffic lights
  • Some traffic lights are used only for traffic and not pedestrians
  • You might find a special signal for pedestrians at some sets of traffic lights. This is the green and red man signal
  • There is no button to push at traffic lights. Traffic is stopped automatically
  • Be extra careful when you cross at traffic lights. Use the Green Cross Code and remember to check all around for traffic, including over your shoulder, just in case traffic is turning the corner

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Parked cars

Parked Cars
  • Try choosing a place to cross where there are no parked cars. Sometimes, you'll see parked cars along the road and you may need to cross between them. If so...
  • Be very careful. Make sure there are no drivers inside the cars you'll walk between
  • Also check there are no drivers in the cars you'll cross between on the other side
  • Carefully walk out between the parked cars and stop
    at the edge of the car, like it's the kerb
  • Follow the Green Cross Code. Stop, look, listen
    and think before crossing the road

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School Crossing Patrols or Police Officers

Lollipop and police people
  • School Crossing Patrols or Police Officers can help you cross the road safely and they're always happy to help you
  • Wait until they signal you to cross
  • Always cross in front of them but keep looking and listening for traffic

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Cycling safety


Remember our top tips to stay safe when using pedal power:

  • Be seen - Wear light, bright clothing and reflective and fluorescent materials
  • At night, use at least one red light on the back and one white light on the front, as well as reflectors
  • Wear it right - Wear a cycle helmet that fits securely
  • Be heard - Ring your bell to warn others you're coming
  • Be aware of other road users - Never squeeze between a large vehicle and the edge of the road
  • Watch out for vehicles turning left in front of you

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Playing safely


We all like hanging out with our friends. Remember these simple steps to make sure you stay safer while you're having fun!

  • Always play away from roads
  • When you're near a road, carry balls and other stuff in a bag so you don't distract drivers

Rollerblading, skateboarding and scootering

Before you strap on your blades, jump on your board, or hop
on a scooter just remember a few handy hints...

  • A helmet, wrist guards and knee and elbow pads
    will help you stay safer
  • Skate in special areas, like skate parks

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Car safety

Car safety

Take these steps to help keep you safer when you're in the car:

  • Always wear your seatbelt
  • Never distract the driver
  • Never lean out or throw anything from the window
  • Never open the car door when the car is moving
  • Never block the rear view mirror
  • Get out on the pavement side, if you can. If not, then look out for vehicles before opening the door
  • If you're driven to school, ask your driver to not park on the zig-zag lines outside the school or on a crossing
  • Your driver also needs to stop for School Crossing Patrols!
  • It may take longer but parking in a quiet road nearby is much safer

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Bus safety

Bus safety

Take these steps to help keep you safer when you're on the bus:

  • Wait at the bus stop and keep away from the edge of the kerb
  • When the bus arrives, wait for people to get off before you get on
  • Never distract the driver
  • If you need to cross the road after getting off the bus:
    • wait for it to drive away
    • use the Green Cross Code to help you cross the road safely

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Out and about

Out and about

Being seen

  • Wear lighter-coloured clothing to help drivers see you.
  • At night, reflective clothes reflect car headlights

Weather warning

  • Ice, snow and wet leaves on the ground make it slippery when walking
  • Drivers will find it harder to control their cars and will take longer to stop
  • In rain, mist, or fog, they may be less likely to see you!

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Going abroad..?

going abroad

We all love having fun in the sun! If you're lucky enough to go abroad, these handy hints could make sure you have a great time and get home again safely!

  • Outside the UK, cars in many countries drive on the right-hand side of the road
  • Make sure you know which direction the traffic will be coming from and follow the Green Cross Code when crossing the road
  • Road rules are different in other countries, so take care
    - don't expect drivers to stop at zebra crossings - it's optional in some countries

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In the countryside

in the countryside
  • Towards the countryside, roads might be narrower, without pavements or streetlights
  • If there's no pavement, find a grass verge or bank to walk on. If you must walk on the road, stay as far away from traffic as possible
  • Don't walk in the same direction as traffic is travelling - face oncoming vehicles and check they've seen you
  • Speed limits are different on rural roads and cars may be going quickly nearby - stay alert!
  • Carry a torch if you're somewhere without streetlights. Also, wear reflective clothes to help drivers see you

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Thanks to Transport for London for allowing Hampshire County Council to reproduce their website