Strategic Planning

What does that mean?

This page will help explain some of the terms you may have come across while reading our work.  If you can't find what you require please contact us


Jump to: A | B | C


  • Aftercare - the management and treatment of restored mineral workings and landfill sites with the object of ensuring that the planned after-use is established as successfully as possible.

  • Aggregates - sand, gravel, crushed rock and other bulk materials used in the construction industry for purposes such as the making of concrete, mortar, asphalt or for roadstone, drainage or bulk filling materials.

  • Aggregates Levy - an environmental tax on the commercial exploitation of aggregates in the UK introduced in 2002.

  • Agricultural Grades 1, 2 and 3A - agricultural land defined by the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food as the 'best and most versatile' to be protected, where possible, from irreversible damage.

  • Agricultural Waste - includes waste from farms and market gardens, such as plastics, packaging, tyres and machinery and dependent on its use, some organic matter such as manure, slurry and crop residues.

  • Air Pollution Control Residues - materials captured in, and arising from, gas clean-up systems.

  • Alternative Aggregates - aggregates other than locally land-won sand and gravel.

  • Amenity Waste - non-business waste delivered by the public to a household waste recycling centre, mainly comprising bulky household and garden waste.

  • Anaerobic Digestion - a resource recovery process in which organic waste is digested anaerobically to produce compost and biogas, which can be used as a fuel.

  • Annual Monitoring Report - this is part of the Minerals and Waste Development framework. The annual monitoring report will review the implementation of the Minerals and Waste Development Scheme and the extent to which policies are effective.

  • Apportionment - Guidelines for aggregate provision in England are published from time to time by Government as an input to regional plans. The regional guideline in the South East Plan is to deliver 13.25 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) of land-won sand and gravel. The 'apportionment' or share for Hampshire is 2.63 mtpa. This was under review, and a panel report concluded that  a new regional figure of 12.18 was acceptable, therefore the apportionment would have been 2.05mtpa. Mineral plans have to conform with their respective apportionments. The Government has published the Localism Bill which will revoke the South East Plan. Until the Bill is enacted the apportionment stands unless there is evidence that an alternative is justified.

  • Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) - identified and designated by the Countryside Commission under Sections 87 and 88 of the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949.

  • Air Quality Management Area (AQMA) -an area of land where air quality levels are breeching the national limits and require action to deal with or ‘manage’ this.


  • Backfilling - the deposition of materials, usually waste, in a mineral working to reinstate the land to its original levels.

  • Behaviour Change - getting organizations and individuals to understand the impacts of their actions and take responsibility for changing them.

  • Biodegradable Municipal Waste - the portion of municipal waste stream that can be broken down by plants and animals (fungi and worms or micro-organisms).

  • Biological Treatment - technologies that use bacteria under controlled conditions to break down organic materials and wastes.

  • Biowaste - waste that is organic in nature (e.g. vegetable matter, wood, paper, oil) and biodegradable.

  • Bird Strike - damage caused by birds striking the fuselage or entering the engine of an aircraft.

  • Borrow Pit - a mineral working providing aggregates or other bulk filling minerals solely for use in a particular construction project and normally close to the project.

  • Bottom Ash - the residual ash fraction arising from waste combustion, recovered from the bottom of the furnace of incinerators and other combustion plant.

  • Buffer Zone - an area to remain generally undisturbed adjoining minerals and waste operations to give protection to properties and other features sensitive to disturbance.

  • Building Sand - fine sand suitable for use in such products as mortar, asphalt and plaster (also known as soft sand).

  • Bund - an embankment, formed of natural material, used either to screen a site from view, reduce noise emission from a site or to contain waste within a site.

  • Business Practices - activities that contribute to the outputs from manufacturing and service industries, e.g. production and assembly.


  • Category A Waste - waste materials which are mainly inert in character and therefore non-polluting; comprised mostly of construction and demolition waste.

  • Category B Waste - waste materials which may decompose slowly but which, in their deposited form, are only slightly soluble; comprised mainly of commercial and industrial waste and including a great diversity of materials such as paper, plastic, timber and metal.

  • Category C Waste - the more putrescible types of waste materials, predominantly collected household and commercial waste and amenity waste, with other putrescible commercial and industrial waste.

  • Chemical Treatment - technologies that use chemical processes to treat certain types of waste, e.g. neutralise acids.

  • Civic Amenity Site - a Civic Amenity Site or Household Waste Recycling Centre (HWRC) is a site provided by the Waste Disposal Authority for the public to dispose of waste which will not be collected on the 'doorstep'.

  • Climate Change - effect on the earth’s climate caused by man-made greenhouse gas emissions. Also referred to as global warming.

  • Clinical Waste - human or animal tissue, blood or other body fluids, excretions, drugs or other pharmaceutical products, swabs, dressings, syringes, needles or other sharp instruments, which may prove hazardous to any person coming into contact with it, and any other waste arising from medical, nursing, dental, veterinary, pharmaceutical or similar practices which may cause infection to any person coming into contact with it (also known as health care waste).

  • Closed-loop System - a system for collecting used materials from a community and then reusing, recycling or recovering value from them to the benefit of that community.

  • Co-disposal - a process whereby industrial waste, particularly liquid and sludge, is landfilled in conjunction with household and commercial waste.

  • Combined heat and power (CHP) - the simultaneous generation of usable heat and power (usually electricity) in a single process.

  • Commercial Waste - waste from premises used wholly or mainly for the purposes of a trade or business, e.g. shops, offices and places of entertainment.

  • Compaction - increasing the density of solid waste in landfill by the repeated passage of heavy machinery over its surface, and the use of baling machines and stationary compactors for compacting waste into containers.

  • Composting - aerobic decomposition of organic matter (e.g. from garden waste or sewage sludge) to produce compost for use as a fertiliser or soil conditioner.

  • Concrete Batching Plant - plant which delivers mixes of cement, aggregate and water into mixer trucks for transport as ready-mixed concrete to construction sites.

  • Concreting Aggregate - aggregates suitable for use in making concrete.

  • Concreting Sand - coarse sand suitable for use in making concrete (also known as sharp sand).

  • Construction, Demolition & Excavation Wastes - wastes from building and civil engineering activities. Legally classified as industrial waste.

  • Consumption of Minerals - amount of mineral actually used in an area.

  • Contaminated Soil - soil containing substances which may cause risks to human health, human activities or the environment.

  • Controlled Waste - household, industrial (including construction and demolition) and commercial waste or any such waste which is subject to control under the provisions of the Environmental Protection Act 1990.

  • Core Strategy - to be jointly produced by the County Council along with Portsmouth and Southampton City Councils and the New Forest National Park, it will set out the long-term spatial vision for the area, and the spatial objectives and strategic policies needed to deliver the vision.

  • Countryside Heritage Areas and Sites - areas and sites within Hampshire which are important for their historic, archaeological, nature conservation, scientific or scenic value, recorded by the County Council under a non-statutory Countryside Heritage Policy.

  • Crushed Concrete - demolition waste including concrete which is crushed and re-used as an aggregate for construction purposes.

  • Crushed Rock - hard rock, most commonly limestone and granite, which has been quarried, fragmented and graded for use as aggregate.



Jump to:D | E | F


  • Decision Notice - the decision notice states whether planning permission was approved or refused, lists the reasons for approval or refusal, and any conditions attached to the granting of planning permission.

  • Decision Notice Annex - the annex details the policies that where considered relevant to the determination of the planning application.

  • Decomposition - breakdown of matter into more simple chemical forms. Decomposition may be caused by physical, chemical or micro-biological action.

  • Demand for Minerals - amount of minerals required to be supplied within an area.

  • Deputation Deadline Date - the deputation deadline date is the date by which any interested parties must have contacted the Chief Executive to register their right to speak at the Regulatory Committee. Failure to register with the Chief Executive in writing by this date will result in you being unable to make a deputation.

  • Development Plan - this is the basis on which all planning decisions are made. It consists of the Regional Spatial Strategy (the South East Plan) and the development plan documents prepared by the Minerals and Waste Planning Authorities.

  • Development Plan Documents (DPDs) - these are spatial planning documents that are subject to independent examination, and together with the relevant Regional Spatial Strategy, will form the Statutory Development Plan. In Hampshire these documents consist of: The ‘core’ Strategy and the Hampshire Minerals Sites Plan and the Hampshire Waste Management Sites Plan. These documents will be produced jointly with Portsmouth and Southampton City Councils and the New Forest National Park.

  • Derelict and Degraded Land - land that has been in some way so damaged by industrial or other development that it requires treatment to bring about a beneficial use, and poor quality agricultural land of low nature conservation value which has been visually downgraded by the removal of natural landscape features.

  • Difficult Waste - waste which, due to its nature or physical properties, can give rise to particular pollution risks or nuisance and may require special management for disposal, including a wide variety of waste types.

  • District Heating - the use of waste hot water from energy production to heat buildings through a pipe network system.

  • Drift Deposits - shallow but relatively extensive superficial geological deposits, such as valley or plateau gravels.

  • Dry Recyclables - recyclable materials such as paper, metals, glass and plastics excluding garden and food wastes.

  • Dust - fine particles of solid materials greater than 1.75 micron diameter (see British Standard 3405) and capable of being resuspended in air and settling slowly under the influence of gravity.


  • Eastern English Channel - a channel covering 20 miles off the Sussex coast that is proposed as a valuable new source of sand and gravel.

  • EC Directive - a European Community law that Member States must comply with and transpose into their law.

  • Ecology - the study of living organisms in relation to their surroundings.

  • Economic Development - efforts to increase wealth creation and employment opportunities by encouraging new businesses to relocate in an area or existing businesses to expand.

  • Effluent - fluid discharged or emitted to the external environment.

  • ELV - end of life vehicle, such as an old car disposed of as scrap.

  • Emission - a material which is expelled or released to the environment. Usually applied to gaseous or odorous discharges to the atmosphere.

  • Energy Recovery Incineration (Energy from Waste) - burning of waste materials at high temperatures under controlled conditions with the utilisation of the heat produced to supply industrial or domestic users, and/or generate electricity.

  • Environment Agency - a national body established in April 1996 to take over the responsibilities of the National Rivers Authority (NRA), Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Pollution (HMIP) and the largely county council administered Waste Regulation Authorities, responsible (inter alia) for water and air pollution control, integrated pollution control (IPC), the licensing and monitoring of waste management sites, the registration of waste carriers, and water resource management.

  • Environmental Appraisal - the evaluation by the planning authority of the significance and likely impact of the predicted effects of a proposed development or development plan policies and proposals and of the scope for modifying or mitigating them.

  • Environmental Assessment - the process by which the impact of a proposed development on the environment can be assessed.

  • Environmental Impact - the total effect of any operation on the surrounding environment.

  • Environmental Statement - a systematic and comprehensive analysis of the impacts of a proposed development presented in a form understandable for public scrutiny.

  • Environmentally Sensitive Area (ESA) - areas designated by the Minister of Agriculture, selected for their landscape and wildlife value and where traditional farming methods would help to maintain this value, within which agreements are made with landowners to manage land in an appropriate way.

  • Extended Life - passing products or items into shared or passed-on ownership to extend their life.


  • Fill - aggregates (usually low grade) used in construction or land reclamation works to create new levels.

  • Fly Tipping - the unregulated and hence illegal dumping of waste.

  • Fly Ash - the residue resulting from the cleaning of gases from a waste incineration process.

  • Fossil Fuels - carbon based remains of organic matter (i.e. ancient plant and animal life) that has been geologically transformed into coal, oil and natural gas.

  • Furnace Ash - the non-combustible residue resulting from the incineration of waste.



Jump to: G | H | I | K | L


  • Gasification - waste treatment process in which waste is heated to produce a combustible gas that can be burned in excess air to generate heat.

  • GOSE - Government Office for the South East

  • Government View Procedure - procedure whereby the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions carries out an assessment of the possible effects of proposals for the dredging of marine aggregates, including the carrying out of various consultations, in respect of applications for licences to dredge aggregates made to the Crown Estate.

  • Green Belt - an area defined in Structure and Local Plans to safeguard the countryside within it from further encroachment by built development in accordance with Government guidance in PPG2 - Green Belts (1995).

  • Green Waste - organic plant materials such as grass cuttings, hedge trimmings and tree loppings. From household gardens, local authority parks and gardens and commercial landscaped gardens

  • Green Waste Composting - the controlled biological decomposition of green wastes to produce a quality soil conditioner.

  • Greenhouse Gas - gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, and CFCs which contribute to global warming by trapping heat between the earth’s surface and the atmosphere.


  • Habitats Regulations Assessment (HRA) - a statutory duty that assesses impacts of implementing a plan or project on the integrity of the nature conservation sites designated under European legislation

  • Hampshire Lorry Route Network - two tier network of routes, consisting of strategic and local lorry routes, (based on the Strategic Road Network in the Hampshire County Structure Plan) defined by the County Council as the basis for managing the major flows of lorries through and within the County, approved by the County Council in May 1992.

  • Hazardous Wastes - waste materials that may pose a threat to human health or the environment and require special management care. Can only be dealt with at licensed hazardous waste disposal facilities.

  • Health Care Waste - see clinical waste.

  • Hoggin - sand and gravel containing a proportion of clay which acts as a binding agent, usually won from plateau gravel deposits and used generally 'as dug' (i.e. without processing) as fill or to make tracks or paths.

  • Household Waste - a legal definition relating to waste from domestic sources such as households, caravans and residential homes, etc.

  • Household Waste Recycling Centre - a site operated on behalf of the Waste Disposal Authority (the County and City Councils) in accordance with the Refuse Disposal (Amenity) Act 1978 to which the public may deliver non-business waste and at which a range of materials (e.g. metals, paper, glass, engine oil) is recycled.

  • Hydrocarbons - compounds consisting wholly of hydrogen and carbon which form the bulk of oil and natural gas.

  • Hydrogeology - the study of water below the ground surface.

  • Hydrology - the study of the way water behaves within an area.


  • Impervious - used to describe materials, natural or synthetic, which have the ability to resist the passage of fluid through them.

  • Incinerator Residue - the solid remains of waste burnt at an incinerator, together with some cooling water.

  • Incinerators - industrial plants where combustible waste materials are burnt in order to reduce their volume, weight and pollution potential prior to their disposal at landfill sites.

  • Industrial Symbiosis - co-operation between local companies to identify and implement synergies and linkages between different industries that lead to previously unwanted or low value output resources becoming useful and competitively priced inputs for others. Aims to create resource efficiently.

  • Industrial Waste - a legal definition relating to waste from any factory, industrial process (excluding mines and quarries) or premises used for services such as public transport or utilities, etc. Construction and demolition waste is classified as industrial waste.

  • Inert Waste - waste that does not normally undergo any significant physical, chemical or biological changes when deposited at a landfill site (Category A waste).

  • Integrated Waste Management - a strategy for the management of waste involving a range of environmentally sound systems and processes, including the promotion of waste minimisation, materials recycling, resource recovery and landfilling.

  • Interim Sustainability Report - this is the approach being taken in Hampshire. It combines SEA and SA into one process. The resulting report will be known as a Sustainability Report.

  • Issues and Options - the early production stage of the preparation of Development Plan Documents. This stage involves consultation to meet the requirements of Regulation 25 of the Town and County Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004.


  • Kerbside Collections - collections from outside individual households.


  • Landbank - a stock of planning permissions within an appropriate local area sufficient to provide for continued extraction of sand and gravel over a given period.

  • Landfill Gas - a by-product from the digestion by anaerobic bacteria of putrescible matter present in waste deposited at landfill sites. The gas is predominantly methane (65 per cent) together with carbon dioxide (35 per cent) and trace concentrations of a range of vapours and gases.

  • Landfill - an engineered and controlled waste disposal facility at which waste is placed on or in the land.

  • Landfill Tax - an environmental tax introduced in 1996 which applies to waste disposed of at landfill sites licensed under UK environmental law.

  • Landfill Directive - a European Community Directive (1999/31/EC) which aims to prevent, or reduce as far as possible, the negative effects of landfill.

  • Landfilling - the disposal of waste by its permanent deposition in or on the ground, involving either the filling of man-made voids or the construction of features above ground level (often referred to as landraising).

  • Landraising - the permanent raising of land levels by depositing material above existing or original ground levels.

  • Land-won Sand and Gravel - sand and gravel excavated from land.

  • Leachate - contaminated liquor which can seep from a landfill site.

  • Legal (Planning) Agreement - an agreement between the local planning authority and any person with an interest in land in its area for the purpose of restricting or regulating the development or use of land (see also planning obligation).

  • Liner - a natural or synthetic membrane material, used to line the base and sides of a landfill site to prevent leachate or landfill gas seeping into surrounding geological strata.

  • Local Development Documents (LDDs) - this is a collective term used in the new Planning Act for Development Plan Documents, Supplementary Planning Documents and the Statement of Community Involvement.

  • Local Development Framework - the portfolio of local development documents. It consists of Development Plan Documents, Supplementary Planning Documents, A Statement of Community Involvement, the Local Development Scheme and the Annual Monitoring Reports. Together these documents provide the framework for delivering the spatial planning strategy for a local authority area. In Hampshire the portfolio of documents that deliver the spatial strategy for minerals and waste will be known as the Hampshire Minerals and Waste Development Framework (HMWDF).

  • Local Development Scheme (LDS) - sets out the programme for preparing Local Development Documents. All authorities must submit their scheme to the Secretary of State for approval within six months of commencement of the Act. In Hampshire, each authority produced a separate LDS but committed to work together to produce the Hampshire Minerals and Waste Development Framework. Hampshire CC’s scheme is known as the Hampshire  Minerals and Waste Development Scheme. (HMWDS).

  • Local Lorry Route - see Hampshire Lorry Route Network.

  • Local Nature Reserve - a nature reserve declared by a local authority in consultation with English Nature under Section 21 of the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949.

  • Local Strategic Partnership - a non-statutory body bringing together the public, private, voluntary and community sectors at a local level to improve the quality of life and delivery of services locally.



Jump to: M | N | O | P | R


  • Marine-dredged Sand and Gravel - sand and gravel dredged from deposits on the seabed and landed at wharves for use as aggregates.

  • Materials Recovery (or Reclamation or Recycling) Facility (MRF) - facility at which mixed, recyclable waste is separated mechanically and/or manually, baled and stored for reprocessing.

  • Mineral Consultation Areas - areas where mineral deposits are believed to exist, within which the District Council should consult the County Council, as mineral planning authority, on any development proposed which might sterilise or prejudice the working of that deposit.

  • Minerals - in this Plan are naturally occurring rocks or hydrocarbons which are of commercial value for construction, energy, agricultural or industrial purposes.

  • Minerals and Waste Development Documents - a collective term used in the new Planning Act, including the following:

    • Supplementary Planning Documents: will cover a wide range of issues on which the plan-making authorities wish to provide policy guidance to supplement the policies and proposals in the development plan documents. They will not be subject to independent examination.

    • Statement of Community Involvement: will set out the standards which Hampshire County Council intends to achieve in involving the community in the preparation, alteration and continuing review of all local development documents and in significant development control decisions, and also how those standards will be achieved. The Statement of Community Involvement is not a development plan document, but will be subject to independent examination.

    • Minerals and Waste Development Scheme: the Minerals and Waste Development Scheme is a public statement of the Minerals and Waste Planning Authorities’ programme for the production of minerals and waste development documents. The Minerals and Waste Development Scheme must be submitted to the Secretary of State for approval within six months of the commencement date (which was September 2004) of the relevant part of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004. The scheme is revised as necessary, either through the annual monitoring report indicating the at the timetable set out has been achieved, or if there is a need to revise/prepare new development documents.

    • Annual Monitoring Report: an Annual Monitoring Report will be produced, assessing: i) the implementation of the Minerals and Waste Development Scheme, and ii) the extent to which policies in the minerals and waste development documents are being achieved. Actual plan progress will be compared with the targets and milestones set out in the Minerals and Waste Development Scheme.

    • Development Plan Documents: prepared by the relevant minerals and waste planning authority. They will be spatial planning documents, subject to independent examination by a Planning Inspector. There will be an opportunity for anyone making representations to seek changes in the development plan documents to be heard at the examination. Development plan documents that may be prepared by Hampshire, Portsmouth and Southampton Councils include:

      • Hampshire Minerals and Waste Core Strategy: sets out the long-term spatial vision for the Hampshire, Portsmouth and Southampton administrative areas, and the strategic policies and proposals to deliver that vision. It will contain a set of primary policies to deliver that vision. Broad locations for development may be set out in a key diagram.

      • Issues and Options: the early production stage of the preparation of Development Plan Documents and will involve consultation to meet the requirements of Regulation 25 of the Town and County Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004.

      • Preferred Options Stage: part of the production stage of the preparation of development plan documents. This stage involves a formal six week public consultation.

      • Site-Specific Allocations and Policies: allocations of sites for specific or mixed uses or development will be contained in development plan documents. Policies will identify any specific requirements for individual proposals.

      • Area Action Plans: will be used to provide a planning framework for areas of change and areas of conservation.

      • Generic Development Control Policies: criteria based policies will be required to ensure that all development within the Hampshire, Portsmouth and Southampton areas meets the vision and strategy set out in the Core Strategy.

      • Illustrative Material: this includes the Key Diagram, a diagrammatic interpretation of the spatial strategy as set out in the Core Strategy, and the Proposals Map, which illustrates the policies and proposals in development plan documents and any saved policies included in the Minerals and Waste Development Framework. It can also illustrate other relevant issues, such as constraints and hazards.

  • Minerals and Waste Development Framework - this comprises a collection of minerals and waste development documents, including development plan documents (which are a part of the statutory development plan) and supplementary planning documents (which expand policies set out in a development plan document or provide additional detail). The Minerals and Waste Development Framework will also include the Statement of Community Involvement, the Minerals and Waste Development Scheme and the Annual Monitoring Report. The Minerals and Waste Development Framework provides the framework for delivering the minerals and waste spatial planning strategy for the areas of Hampshire, Portsmouth and Southampton and the New Forest National Park). In Hampshire the portfolio of documents, which deliver the spatial strategy for minerals and waste in the County is known as the Hampshire Minerals and Waste Development Framework (HMWDF).

  • Minerals Industry - all persons, firms or corporate bodies who undertake the winning, working, processing and distribution of minerals.

  • Mineral Planning Authority (MPA) - the local planning authority (the County and City Councils) responsible for planning control over mineral working and other minerals related development.

  • Major Development Area (MDA) - an area identified through the planning system for major new development.

  • Market Development - the development of uses and demand for recycled materials.

  • Material Resources - materials that can be reused, recycled or have value recovered from them.

  • Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT) - mechanical sorting and separation to separate out biodegradable materials, which are sent to a biological treatment process.

  • Mechanical Sorting - sorting of materials and/or waste using machinery.

  • Mineral Planning Area - a planning area designated by Government for the purpose of ensuring the need for land-won aggregates is met.

  • Minerals - naturally occurring substances such as sand, gravel, chalk, clay, oil and gas extracted from the ground.

  • Minerals and Waste Local Plan - the old means of planning for minerals and waste which has been replaced by the Minerals and Waste Development Framework system.

  • Mines and Quarries Waste - includes materials such as overburden, rock inter-bedded with the mineral resource, and residues left over from the initial processing of extracted material (e.g. tailings).

  • Monitoring - a continuous or regular periodic check to determine the environmental impact of mineral and waste operations and to ensure compliance with planning permissions, disposal licence conditions and other statutory environmental requirements, and to ascertain the effectiveness of planning policies.

  • Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) - household waste and any other wastes collected by a Waste Collection Authority, or its agents, such as municipal parks and gardens’ waste, street litter, waste from fly-tipping, waste delivered to council recycling points and Civic Amenity site waste.

  • Municipal Waste Management Strategy - a strategy, setting out a strategic framework for the management of municipal waste, jointly developed by waste collection authorities (WCA’s) and the waste disposal authority (WDA) in an area.


  • National Nature Reserve - a nationally important biological or geological site declared by English Nature and managed through ownership, leasehold or a nature reserve agreement.

  • Natural Aggregates - aggregates won from naturally occurring deposits, whether on land or from the seabed.

  • Natural Resources - resources obtained from the earth. Some natural resources such as wood can be replaced, while others such as water and natural gas are of limited supply.

  • Natural Resources Initiative - a Hampshire initiative with the aim of providing a focus for local community action in conserving natural resources (materials, energy, water) and using them more efficiently.

  • Net Self-sufficiency - the aim is to be self-sufficient in overall terms, i.e. providing management capacity equivalent to waste production. It is accepted that there will be some cross-boundary movements of waste and that the final processing capacity for recyclate falls outside this definition.

  • New Forest National Park - new national park based on the New Forest that will be managed by a National Park Authority and will take over responsibility for minerals and waste planning in its area from April 2006.

  • Non-hazardous Wastes - wastes which do not pose a threat to human health or the environment if properly regulated, including general household, commercial and industrial wastes. Applies particularly to the categorization of landfill sites for these waste types.

  • Non-inert Waste - waste that is potentially biodegradable or may undergo other significant physical, chemical or biological change when deposited at a landfill site (categories B and C wastes).

  • Non-renewable Resources - naturally occurring materials, including minerals such as sand and gravel and hydrocarbons, which once used cannot be replaced.


  • Officers Report - a report written by a County Council officer making a recommendation to either the Director of Environment or the Regulatory Committee as to whether planning permission should be granted or refused. The format of the report will vary slightly depending on whether the decision is being made by the Director of Environment or by the Regulatory Committee.

  • Oily Water - waste water contaminated with oil.

  • Organic - materials containing carbon, derived from living matter.

  • Overburden - soil and other material that overlies a mineral deposit of economic value, which must be removed in order to extract the mineral.


  • Permitted Reserves - mineral deposits with planning permission for extraction.

  • Permitted Void Space - the remaining volume at landfill and land raising sites with planning permission for waste deposition.

  • Physical Treatment - using physical means such as shredding, sieving or sterilization to treat waste materials.

  • Planning Obligation - an enforceable bilateral or unilateral agreement introduced by the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 for the purpose of restricting or regulating the development or use of land (see also legal agreement).

  • Planning Policy Statement 12 (PPS12) – Local Development Frameworks - sets out the Government's policy on preparing Local Development Frameworks.

  • Plateau Gravel - a drift deposit containing a high proportion of sand and gravel, but usually with a greater silt and clay content than valley gravel, normally found as a capping on higher ground adjacent to river valleys and generally above the water table.

  • Pollution - the addition of materials or energy to an existing environmental system to the extent that undesirable changes are produced directly or indirectly in that system.

  • Preferred Options Stage - part of the production stage of the preparation of development plan documents. This stage involves a formal six week public consultation.

  • Process Chain - the activities involved with the lifecycle of goods and products (design, business practices, retail, procurement and consumption).

  • Process Residue - the residual waste requiring disposal by landfilling following the processing of waste to reduce its volume, recover resources and make it easier to handle, transport and dispose of.

  • Processing Facilities - plant for sorting and/or treating waste materials.

  • Processing Technologies - methods of recovering materials/energy from waste materials and/or reducing the environmental impact of the material.

  • Production of Minerals - the amount of saleable minerals excavated from a site or area.

  • Progressive Restoration - the method of restoring a site or area in phase with working so that the minimum area practicable is out of its former or future use at any one time.

  • Project Integra - the municipal waste management partnership and plan in Hampshire, Portsmouth and Southampton.

  • Proximity Principle - the concept that waste should generally be managed as near as possible to its place of production to reduce the environmental impacts of transport.

  • Pyrolysis - the breakdown of waste materials in a controlled process by the application of heat in the absence of air. The process generates three main products; oil, gas and a char.

  • Putrescible - readily able to be decomposed by bacterial action, usually producing landfill gas and leachate as by-products of this decomposition.


  • Rail-head Aggregates Depot - a reception point for aggregates moved in bulk by rail (normally over comparatively long distances) for onward distribution, normally by road, normally comprising a railway siding, off-loading and storage facilities, and sometimes including mineral processing and other plant.

  • Recycled Aggregate - derived from reprocessing materials previously used in construction. Examples include construction and demolition material, asphalt pavements and railway ballast.

  • Recycling - the collection or recovery of reusable materials from waste before it becomes mixed and contaminated in the waste stream, and subsequent processing of the materials into marketable products.

  • Refuse Derived Fuel - fuel produced from household or commercial waste by shredding and separating out the non-combustible part, which can be used in suitable industrial boilers or to produce energy.

  • Regional Minerals Strategy - SEERA document setting out the regional framework for the development of minerals such as sand, gravel, chalk and clay.

  • Regional Spatial Strategy (Abolished 2010)- the regional planning guidance document formerly known as RPG9 is now the Regional Spatial Strategy, known as the South East Plan. Responsibility for reviewing and updating it lies with the regional planning body, the South East England Regional Assembly. It sets the spatial planning policy context for the region.

  • Regional Waste Strategy - SEERA document setting out the regional framework to 2016 for the management of waste materials.

  • Remanufacturing - refurbishing items to good as new standard.

  • Renewable Resources - resources (e.g. forests, fresh water, fish, agricultural crops) that can be created or produced at the same rate at which they are consumed.

  • Renewal of Temporary Permission - a planning application to continue a use that was originally granted temporary planning permission (this must take place before the expiration of the original permission).

  • Reserves - mineral deposits in the ground which have been tested to establish the quality and quantity of material present and which could be economically and technically exploited.

  • Residual Waste - waste which cannot be recycled or has not be captured in a recycling scheme.

  • Resource Productivity - in the context of the waste hierarchy, means minimizing material inputs whilst maximising outputs.

  • Resource Recovery - the recovery of materials, fuel or energy from waste after it has become mixed and contaminated in the waste stream.

  • Resource Stream - a specific material component (e.g. paper) of overall waste.

  • Resources - potential mineral deposits where the quality and quantity of material present has not been tested and the working of which may be restricted or prevented by economic or environmental constraints.

  • Restoration - the process of returning a site or area to its former or future use following mineral extraction and/or waste disposal either at the same or different ground level.

  • Reuse - when an item or its components are used in the same form more than once, not necessarily for the same purpose.

  • RoHS - Restriction of Hazardous Substances.



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  • Scheduled Ancient Monument - a nationally important archaeological site included in the Schedule of Ancient Monuments maintained by the Secretary of State under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

  • Sea-borne Aggregates - any aggregates transported by sea whether won from the seabed or not.

  • Secondary Aggregates - materials which do not meet primary aggregate (e.g. sand, gravel and crushed rock) specifications but which can be used instead of primary aggregates, produced as by-products of other processes, including by-products from the production of primary aggregates.

  • SERAWP - South East Regional Aggregates Working Party, a joint working group, comprising local authority officers, representatives of the aggregates supply industry, central government bodies and the railway and port industries, established to consider matters likely to affect the demand for and the supply of aggregates in South East England and to advise the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions.

  • SERPLAN - the London and South East Regional Planning Conference, an organisation of local authorities in South East England which considers important planning and transportation matters affecting the region, including minerals and waste planning.

  • Sewage Sludge - sludge resulting from the treatment of raw sewage and typically containing 70 - 90 per cent water prior to dewatering.

  • SEWRAC - South East Waste Regulation Advisory Committee, a joint advisory group of the former Waste Regulation Authorities which was established to maintain consistent standards for regulation in South East England and to prepare a regional waste strategy, but was disbanded following the transfer of responsibility for waste regulation to the Environment Agency in April 1996.

  • Sharp Sand and Gravel - see concreting sand.

  • Shredding - breaking down materials or waste to a smaller and more uniform particle size as a more consistent feedstock for treatment processes.

  • Sites of Importance for Nature Conservation (SINC) - local sites which are of substantive nature conservation value that are outside of European or national conservation designations such as Sites of Special Scientific Interest

  • Site of Archaeological Interest - land which is included in the schedule of monuments compiled by the Secretary of State under section 1 of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 (scheduled ancient monument), or is within an area of land which is designated as an area of archaeological importance under section 33 of that Act, or which is within a site registered in any record kept by a County Council and known as the County Sites and Monument Record.

  • Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) - an area of special interest by reason of its flora, fauna, or geological or physiographical features, selected by English Nature and notified under Section 28 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.

  • Site Specific Allocations Development Plan Documents - allocations of sites for specific uses or developments, e.g. site-specific allocations of primary aggregates. In Hampshire these are going to be produced jointly and will be known as the Hampshire Minerals Sites Plan and the Hampshire Waste Management Sites Plan.

  • Sludge - an intimate mixture of solid and liquid.

  • Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) - small (0-49 employees) and medium (50-249 employees) sized businesses.

  • Societal Change - achieving change in the way society operates, including changing personal behaviour.

  • Soft Sand - see building sand.

  • Soil Conditioner - organic matter applied to soil to improve its structure and assist in retaining moisture and nutrients.

  • Solid Sand Deposits - geological deposits, other than drift deposits, which contain a high proportion of sand.

  • South East England Regional Assembly (SEERA) - the body responsible for strategic planning and representing overall regional views in South East England.

  • South East Plan - the strategic regional plan prepared by SEERA covering housing, transport, the economy and the environment. The plan is a legal document that local authorities and other government agencies will have to follow.

  • Special Protection Area - area of importance for the habitats of certain rare or vulnerable categories of birds or for regularly occurring migratory bird species, required to be designated and protected by member states under the European Community Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds (79/409/EC).

  • Special Waste - waste as defined in the Control of Pollution (Special Waste) Regulations 1980, which may be dangerous to life or has a flashpoint of 21 degrees C. or less, or is a medicinal product available only on prescription, requiring special care in its transport and disposal.

  • Statement of Community Involvement (SCI) - sets out the standards that authorities will meet when involving communities in the preparation of planning policy or when determining applications. The SCI is not a development plan document, but will be subject to independent examination.

  • Statutory Development Plan - an authority's development plan consists of the relevant Regional Spatial Strategy and Development Plan Documents. In Hampshire this will be known as the Hampshire Minerals and Waste Development Framework.

  • Statutory Waste - household waste and commercial waste collected by the waste collection authorities (District and City Councils), for which the Waste Disposal Authority (County and City Councils) has a legal duty to make suitable disposal arrangements.

  • Sterilisation - permanent development on a site or area which would prevent working of a mineral deposit identified as likely to be of commercial interest.

  • Stewardship - the recognition that it is mankind's duty to look after the Earth prudently and conscientiously.

  • Storage Facilities - sites for the storage of materials, particularly recyclables.

  • Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) - a strategic environmental assessment is required by European and UK law, and is a way of systematically identifying and evaluating the impacts that a plan is likely to have on the environment. The aim is to provide information - in the form of an Environmental Report - that can be used to enable decision makers to take account of the environment and minimise the risk of the plan causing significant environmental damage. Government guidance advises that where a plan requires both strategic environmental assessment and sustainability appraisal, that the former process should be integrated into the latter one.

  • Strategic Gap - an area identified in the Structure Plan and Local Plans to prevent the coalescence and retain the separate identity of settlements which are in close proximity.

  • Strategic Lorry Route - see Hampshire Lorry Route Network.

  • Stretching Best Practice - the best judgment as to the maximum practicable level of achievement having regard to all relevant issues including best practice elsewhere.

  • Structure Plan - a written statement of the County and City Councils' strategic planning policies and main proposals for change over a period.

  • Subsoil - the less well-structured and less biologically active layer below topsoil which acts as a reserve of nutrients and water for plant growth in the topsoil.

  • Substitute Materials - materials other than natural aggregates, suitable for use as aggregates, e.g. aggregates manufactured from waste such as pulverised fuel ash and colliery spoil, and recycled crushed concrete.

  • Supply of Minerals - the amount of minerals made available for use in an area.

  • Surcharging - the addition of waste material to a landfill site above approved final levels to allow for calculated settlement of the waste.

  • Sustainability Appraisal (SA) - a sustainability appraisal is required by UK law, and is a way of systematically identifying and evaluating the contribution that a plan is likely to make to the sustainable development on an area. The aim is to provide information - in the form of an Initial Sustainability Appraisal Report and a Formal Sustainability Appraisal Report - that can be used to enable decision makers to enhance the performance of the plan with respect to its contribution to the sustainable development of the area affected.

  • Sustainable Development - development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It means meeting the following four objectives at the same time, in the UK and the world as a whole:

    • social progress which recognizes the needs of everyone.

    • effective protection of the environment.

    • prudent use of natural resources.

    • maintenance of high and stable levels of economic growth and employment.


  • Thermal Processing - treatment of waste materials by the application of heat to achieve its breakdown through chemical reaction.

  • Tonnes - a metric ton weighing a little less than an imperial ton (1 ton = 1.016 tonnes).

  • Transfer Station - a site to which collected waste is delivered and transferred to bulk transport for delivery by road, rail or water to a waste processing or final disposal site.

  • Treatment Technologies - processes that render waste materials less harmful and/or to facilitate the recovery of materials/energy from them.


  • Unavoidable Wastes - wastes for which no recycling or composting schemes are available, no segregation of recyclables or compostables occurs, or wastes which are contaminated or otherwise rejected for recycling and composting.

  • Unitary Authority - a local authority which has the responsibilities of both Waste Collection and Waste Disposal Authorities.


  • Valley Gravel - drift deposits generally found in valley bottoms which contain a high proportion of sand and gravel and relatively little silt or clay, usually extending below the water table causing excavated areas to fill with water.

  • Variation of Condition - a planning application to change or remove a condition of a previous planning permission.

  • Void Space - the volume within a mineral working or at a landraising site which is potentially usable for the deposition of waste.


  • Waste - any substance which constitutes a scrap material or an effluent arising from the application of any process, and any substance or article which requires to be disposed of as being broken, worn out, contaminated or otherwise spoiled.

  • Waste Arisings - the amount of waste generated in a given locality over a given period of time.

  • Waste Collection Authority - the authority (the District and City Councils) responsible for implementing the provisions of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 for the collection of household waste and, if requested, commercial and industrial waste.

  • Waste Disposal - the process of getting rid of unwanted, broken, worn out, contaminated or spoiled materials in an orderly, regulated fashion.

  • Waste Disposal Authority - the authority (the County and City Councils) responsible for implementing the provisions of the Control of Pollution Act 1974, the Refuse Disposal (Amenity) Act 1978 and the Environmental Protection Act 1990 with regard to the disposal of waste.

  • Waste Disposal Industry - all persons, firms or corporate bodies, other than local authorities (the Waste Collection and Disposal Authorities), who undertake the collection, treatment, transfer and ultimate disposal of waste.

  • Waste Disposal Plan - statement of the types and quantities of waste arising and the arrangements made and proposed to be made by waste disposal contractors for the treatment and disposal of waste, prepared by the former Waste Regulation Authorities (the County Council), also known as a Waste Management Plan.

  • Waste Hierarchy - preferred waste management options in the following order (most preferable first): reducing waste; reusing waste; recovery (recycling, composting, energy recovery) and only then disposal as a last option.

  • Waste Management Licence - a licence granted by the Waste Licensing Authority (the Environment Agency) under the provisions of the Environmental Protection Act 1990, which authorises the holder to deposit, or to use equipment to dispose of or otherwise manage, controlled waste on a particular site.

  • Waste Management Plan - see waste disposal plan.

  • Waste Minimisation - the process of reducing the quantity of waste arising and requiring processing and/or disposal.

  • Waste Planning Authority (WPA) - the local planning authority (the County and City Councils) responsible for planning control over waste disposal and other waste management related development.

  • Waste Processing - the physical, chemical or biological treatment of waste in order to recover resources, reduce the volume of waste and make it easier to handle, transport and dispose of.

  • Waste Recycling Plan - statement of the arrangements made and proposed to be made by the Waste Collection Authority and others for dealing with waste for the purpose of recycling it, prepared by the District and City Councils.

  • Waste Treatment - the process of making waste materials easier to handle, transport and dispose of by chemical, physical or biological means.

  • Waste Water (Sewage) Treatment Works - facilities for the reception, treatment and disposal of waste water (sewage), operated by the Water Companies (Southern, Thames and Wessex Water in Hampshire).

  • Water Table - the level of water below the surface of the ground in porous or permeable rocks which rises and falls with changes in the weather.

  • WEEE - waste electrical and electronic equipment.

  • Weighbridge - a machine used to weigh large objects such as vehicles (e.g. to establish payloads).

  • Weight/Volume - the approximate conversion figures used are:

    • 1 cubic metre of sand = 1.60 tonnes

    • 1 cubic metre of gravel = 1.47 tonnes

    • 1 tonne of category A waste = 0.7515 cubic metres (in-tip equivalent volume)

    • 1 tonne of category B waste = 1.4 cubic metres (in-tip equivalent volume)

    • 1 tonne of category C waste = 1.3 cubic metres (in-tip equivalent volume)

  • Wetland of International Importance (Ramsar site) - site of international importance for waterfowl protected under the Ramsar Convention on the Conservation of Wetlands of International Importance, ratified by the UK Government in 1976.

  • Wheel Cleaning - the process by which dirt and mud adhering to the wheels and chassis of vehicles that have travelled over a mineral working or landfill site is removed before they gain access to public roads.

  • Windfall - a site which unexpectedly comes forward during the plan period