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Hampshire Archives and Local Studies

Courts and Justice

County Justice


Serious crimes were dealt with at the Assizes by justices of the Western Circuit sent out twice a year from London. We hold:-

Surviving trial records date from 1746 and are held at The National Archives

Hampshire Quarter Sessions

Lesser crimes were dealt with at Quarter Sessions by local Justices of the Peace four times a year. We hold:-

Except for the period 1778-1786, records of trial proceedings, witness statements etc., do not survive.

Calendars of prisoners

Calendars are the key to researching prisoners. They are snapshot views of all prisoners in the County Gaol and include:

Not all calendars survive. However, a convicted prisoner may be found in subsequent Sessions and Assize calendars.

Other sources


Searching online?

Prisoners tried at the Hampshire Assizes, 1710-1838, now listed on our online catalogue

Between 1784 - 1829, details of individual cases where petitions for clemency were made to the Home Office, can be found under series code HO47 at The National Archives.

Important Information

A 100-year access restriction applies to court records. More on Access restrictions

Great Hall
Great Hall, Winchester: scene of many trials up to 1972

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