In this period hunter gatherers utilised resources within the landscape. Archaeological evidence comprises distinctive stone tools, some of which have been found on Butser Hill.
This is when the humans first settled down and began farming. We have no evidence of the Neolithic landscape, but a polished axe and other flint work of Neolithic date have been found at Butser Hill.
This age was marked by the use of copper and then bronze to fashion tools. In this period the use of agriculture continued to grow and burial mounds located at Ramsdean Down, Butser Hill and War Down demonstrate how the landscape may have developed during the Bronze Age.
An Iron Age site is clearly traceable on Butser Hill. This defines an area similar to a hill fort. It is believed to have functioned as an area of occupation, stock enclosure or defensive refuge, and is a dominant aspect of the local Iron Age landscape.
Roman invaders introduced new developments in agriculture, urbanisation, industry and architecture. Holt Down offers a fantastic insight into Roman living as an occupation site or the remains of a ‘villa’. This farm complex sitting within a farmed landcape, has managed to survive arable destruction due to its complex terrain.