|Persistent absence from school |
Persistent absence from school
Less than 85% attendance
If the child or young person has an ongoing health problem they can be referred to the School Nursing service following discussion with parent/ carer/ young person.
|Missing from school / home regularly with no explanation |
Missing from school / home regularly with no explanation
|Permanent exclusions/no school place|
Permanent exclusions/no school place
Risk of social exclusion
Exclusion from the prevailing social system and its rights and privileges, typically as a result of poverty or the fact of belonging to a minority social group.
|Poor attachments |
If poor attachment is suspected in children aged 5 and under, the family should be signposted to the Health Visiting Service for further support / advice.
|No access to core services |
No further information at this time.
NEETYoung people up to the age of 16 are required by law to be in full time education. Young people aged 16-18 are required to be participating in some form of education, training or employment with training.
HCC has a duty to promote the active participation in education and training of all young people in Hampshire, including ensuring all 16-18 year olds have an offer of an appropriate place in post -16 education or training, tracking process from pre to post-16 learning and identifying those who are not participating.
Many young people who are NEET will be so for a short period of time and will be to access a participation activity directly. However, there are some NEET young people who will have significant and complex barriers and may need intensive support from a range of specialist agencies before they are ready to re-engage in learning or employment. The Hampshire Futures Service has responsibility for young people’s participation and NEET reduction and co-ordinates support for young people who have disengaged from learning. For further information or to access this service please contact:
For general information about advice, services and opportunities for young people in Hampshire - see Your Future
|Developmental milestones not being met due to persistent parental failure/inability|
If parents or schools have a concern about a child or young person’s speech or motor skills they can call the Single Point of Contact on 03003002019 or liaise with the school therapy link who will be able to advise how best to support them and access an assessment if necessary
|Chronic/recurring health problems |
Children and young people can be referred to the School Nursing service where there are concerns about a child or young person’s health. If they have a complex need or a long term health condition school nurses can work together with the child/young person, parent/carers, schools and the health professionals who are involved in their care, to help them get the support that they need. Additional resources to support a child or young persons health and well-being can be found on Southern health’s School Nursing web-pages.
The child/ young person can be referred to the School Nurse following discussion with parent/ carer/ young person. The nearest school nurse team can be contacted.
|Regular missed appointments affecting developmental progress|
No further information at this time.
Pregnant teenagers are entitled to the same support and information as all pregnant women and will be under the care of their GP and Midwife.
For guidance for schools and colleges for pregnant pupils please see the Reintegration guidance for pregnant pupils and school age mothers.
In Hampshire all pregnant teenagers are offered additional support via young parent groups.
The Family Nurse Programme is also available to pregnant teenagers (age 19 at conception) in Havant, Gosport (023 92 603226), Basingstoke and Rushmoor (01256 376514).
|Drug/alcohol misuse impacting negatively |
Drug/alcohol misuse impacting negatively
Level 2 and Level 3 targeted and specialist services are available to support children and young people up to the age of 18 years either within their school setting or outside for Level 3 support. These services determine the opportunities and requirement for parental involvement and other agencies to reduce and mitigate the risks to young people and those considered vulnerable. In Hampshire Catch22 Hampshire 24/7 are commissioned to do this.
Specialist Treatment is defined as:
‘Young people’s specialist substance misuse treatment is a care planned medical, psychosocial or specialist harm reduction intervention aimed at alleviating current harm caused by a young person’s substance misuse’.
The specialist service will provide:
a comprehensive substance misuse assessment;
assertive outreach for those who chose not to engage;
pharmacological, psychosocial, and family interventions;
specialist harm reduction, including injecting and overdose / accidental injury;
care plan and reviews;
enhanced care coordination for young people with mental health needs;
a comprehensive discharge policy and procedure, for planned and unplanned discharge, particularly discharge against medical advice;
focussed support for young people returning into their community from custody, hospital or rehabilitation centre;
transition into adult treatment services where appropriate in line with agreed protocols;
support with access to residential treatment.
Anyone can refer a young person into the specialist service, including the young person themselves or their parents/carers.
Where young people do not meet the assessment criteria for specialist treatment the Service will work with key staff in educational settings and other agencies to formulate a plan to support the young person. This may include linking with community projects and / or the Service providing short-term targeted work with the young person and their family to prevent escalation into a specialist treatment service.
If you are unsure whether a young person should be referred to the service, please call 0845 459 9405 and speak to a member of the team or the link worker for your area, who will be able to discuss this with you. If you would like further information about the service call them on 0845 459 9405, e-mail them at email@example.com or visit their website at: www.catch-22.org.uk/247.
Children and young people to 17 years involved in offending and under the supervision of the criminal justice system through Youth Offending Teams (YOTs) will receive support and guidance regarding any underlying substance misuse issues. The team will take a multi-agency approach in relation to the child, the family and anyone involved with looking after the child or young person such as social services or a school. The YOT assessment will be used to enable solutions and support for the child and those people around the child. For alcohol issues this would via linking with the young person’s specialist treatment service
|Risky sexual behaviour (e.g. unprotected sex)|
Risky sexual behaviour (e.g. unprotected sex)
The age of consent for sex - England and Wales
The age of consent to any form of sexual activity is 16 for both men and women. The age of consent is the same regardless of the gender or sexual orientation of a person and whether the sexual activity is between people of the same or different gender.
It is an offence for anyone to have any sexual activity with a person under the age of 16. However, Home Office guidance is clear that there is no intention to prosecute teenagers under the age of 16 where both mutually agree and where they are of a similar age.
It is an offence for a person aged 18 or over to have any sexual activity with a person under the age of 18 if the older person holds a position of trust (for example a teacher or social worker) as such sexual activity is an abuse of the position of trust.
The Sexual Offences Act 2003 provides specific legal protection for children aged 12 and under who cannot legally give their consent to any form of sexual activity. There is a maximum sentence of life imprisonment for rape, assault by penetration, and causing or inciting a child to engage in sexual activity. (ref Family Planning Association, The Law on Sex Factsheet April 2015
Schools and other agencies will / may have a confidentiality policy which clearly dictates what information they will pass to interested parties in relation to under age sexual activity if the young person is aged 13 years and above.
Young people can access confidential support via Solent Sexual Health promotion practitioners by referral. Solent Sexual Health Promotion offer 1:1 brief interventions for young people engaging in sexual risk taking behaviour.
Alternatively they can access their Sexual Health clinic or a Sexual Health Outreach Nurse for contraception, STI testing, treatment and information. Details available via www.letstalkaboutit.nhs.uk.
Free Emergency Hormonal Contraception (EHC) is available from Pharmacies across Hampshire. Please phone the pharmacy before attending to ensure the trained pharmacist is available to dispense the EHC. Young people can also access free EHC from their GP or local sexual health clinic. Details can be found at www.hants.gov.uk/getiton.
Trained youth support practitioners are available at a range of community venues and can provide confidential information, advice and signposting. Details available via www.hants.gov.uk/yourfuture.
Young people can access free condoms, chlamydia testing and pregnancy testing from a range of community settings. Details available via www.hants.gov.uk/getiton.
|Offending / anti-social behaviour resulting in risk of entering Youth Justice System |
Early signs of offending/anti-social behaviour - Youth Crime Prevention
Who can be referred?
Any young person aged 10-16 (inclusive), who is at risk of offending and anti-social behaviour due to:
Their own behaviour at home, at school or in the community;
The influence of friends, family and associates;
Underlying risk factors that are likely to lead to offending or anti-social behaviour in the future.
What is YCP?
YCP stands for youth crime prevention. YCP is part of the Hampshire Youth Offending Team and is a voluntary service for young people aged 10-16 years old and their families. We cover all 11 Hampshire districts. We work with young people who are at risk of offending and have not received any disposals from the police. If a young person has been involved with the police at a low level we aim to divert them from developing patterns of persistent and more serious offending in the future.
How does YCP do this?
We work closely with the young person, their family and other agencies. We complete an ONSET assessment which is reviewed every 3 - 9 months and allows us to monitor any change in risk of offending. We then create an individual intervention plan to meet the needs of the young person which is specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time bound. We can work with young people between 3 months and a year depending on need. This work normally involves home visits to the family and one to one weekly visits with the young person either in or after school. We sometimes try and get the young people involved in diversionary or group activities where appropriate.
Who does this?
Each young person is assigned a caseworker who works directly with them and their family from the beginning to the end of their referral, managing and reviewing their case.
Making a referral to YCP
For a young person to be referred to YCP they must be exhibiting challenging behaviour within the community and not just within an education environment. The young person must not have reached final warning stage to be eligible for YCP intervention. Any agency, including parents, can refer to YCP via the professionals line / hantsdirect.
Examples of risk factors that could meet criteria for YCP referral:
- Living and Family arrangements- single parent household, family known to be involved in crime/antisocial behaviour
- Education- is not in full time education, poor attendance, bullying
- Neighbourhood and Friends- lives in an area known to have high crime rate, friends are older, friends/family known to YOT
- Substance Misuse- Drinks alcohol, smokes, takes illegal drugs (or family members do)
- Emotional and Mental Health- ADHD, suffered bereavement, known by mental health service
- Perception of Self and Others- discriminatory towards others, shows inappropriate self esteem
- Thinking, Behaviour and Attitude- gets easily bored, follows peers, impatient
- Young Person’s Vulnerability- due to own behaviour i.e. self harm
- Risk of Harm by the Young Person- caused harm to others, treated to cause harm
|Emotional / mental health issues|
CAMHS Service - http://www.hantslocaloffer.info/en/Child_and_Adolescent_Mental_Health_Service_(CAMHS)
|Community harassment / discrimination|
Community harassment / discrimination
Information from Hampshire Police about Hate crime.
gallop.org.uk is a LGBT anti-violence & abuse charity.