The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act (ROA) aims to protect people who have been convicted of a criminal offence and who have not re-offended since . Under the Act, a person has a right to privacy and is not obliged to reveal a "spent" conviction for vacancies that do not demand it.
However, if a person wishes to apply for a position that involves working with children and / or vulnerable adults, these positions are exempt / set apart from the Act. Therefore, applicants for these positions are required to reveal all convictions (including driving offences), both spent and unspent, when they apply. The term "convictions" includes any cautions, warnings and reprimands.