The chart below shows total household waste (tonnes) for each year since 2000/01.
Total household waste volumes rose to a peak of 850,000 tonnes in 2002/03, since when they have declined to a low of 740,000 in 12/13. This broadly follows national trends and results from a range of factors including:
Waste prevention work by Project Integra partners (behavioural change initiatives, home compost bin distribution) and others;
Changes in collection policies (alternating weekly collections, restrictions on side waste);
Changes in packaging and manufacturing
Trade waste controls at Household Waste Recycling Centres (2008/09); and
The economic downturn.
Recycling and Composting
Reused, Recycle and Composting 2000/01 to 2012/13
This results from the extension of kerbside recycling collections to cover almost all households in our area, increases in the range of materials that can be recycled at the kerbside, recycling points and at Household Waste Recycling Centres, increased provision of kerbside garden waste collections and increased awareness amongst the public.
All authorities now provide collections of garden waste from households in addition to the skips for garden waste provided at all Household Waste Recycling Centres. Most collections are on a charged for basis which means that rates are not as high as in some similar counties – but this fits with our principle of maximising the home composting of garden waste.
Our three energy recovery facilities were commissioned between 2003 and 2005.
The dramatic increase in the amount of waste from which we recover energy is illustrated in the chart above – and the one below showing the corresponding reduction in the landfilling of waste.
The proportion of municipal waste we send to landfill has reduced dramatically as a result of the increases in recycling and energy recovery. We now send a lower proportion of waste to landfill than any other county in the UK.