Hampshire Trading Standards

Candle Safety

Producers and distributors have for many years been obliged by product safety legislation to provide information and warnings as to the risk their products posed where these risks were not obvious and where necessary, to provide instructions adequate to consumer needs as to the safe operation/use of the product.

The General Product regulations 2005 maintain that requirement. The following standards are currently not called up in specific legislation but may assist with demonstrating due diligence under the General Product Safety Regulations 2005.

Fire damage caused by candles can be attributed to improper use by the consumer. The risk of fire can be minimised by suitable warnings to the consumer. In September 2007 the labelling requirements of candles changed due to the publication of European Standard BS EN 15494:2007 - Candles - Product Safety Labels.

This standard specifies the format and content of product warning labels for indoor candles. The standard requires that all information supplied with a candle is presented in a clear format on the product and should be easily and non-verbally comprehensive. Such warnings may be on the product or packaging itself or available as a separate leaflet if appropriate.

It is a requirement that the General Warning Sign (table one) be included in all labelling, preferably in a coloured graphic. In addition under the standard there are four mandatory safety messages which must be included on all labels (table one). The warning message may be given as a pictogram or as text. If text is used, it must be in the language of the country where the candles are being sold.

In addition to the minimum safety information as outlined above, the standard encourages the use of optional safety information (table two) where appropriate.

 

Table One

General warning signGeneral Warning Sign. The safety information symbol or text shall be placed below or beside the general warning sign.

" "Never leave a burning candle unattended

" "Burn candle out of reach of children and pets

" "Always leave at least 10cm between burning candles

Safety warning for candles: Do not place candles near a source of heat.Do not burn candles on or near anything that can catch fire

 

Table Two

Safety warning for candles:  Do not place candles near a source of heat.Do not place candles in a draught
Safety warning for candles: Do not place candles near a source of heat.Do not place candles near a source of heat
Safety warning for candles: Place candles in an upright position.Place candles in an upright position
Safety warning for candles: Trim wick to about 1 cm before lighting.Trim wick to about 1 cm before lighting
Safety warning for candles: Always snuff out the flame.  Do not blow it out.Always snuff out the candle. Do not blow it out
Safety warning for candles: Always use a candleholder.Always use a candleholder
Safety warning for candles: Keep the wax poor clear of matches and other debris to avoid flaring.Keep the wax pool clear and clear of matches and other debris to avoid flaring
Safety warning for candles: Do not move a burning candle.Do not move a burning candle
Safety warning for candles: Never use liquid to extinguish.Never use liquid to extinguish
 

  • Safety warning for candles: Only use tea lights in holders and warming stoves with sufficient ventilation.Only use tea lights in holders/warming stoves with sufficient ventilation

     

  • Safety warning for candles: Use a suitable glass or holder as these candles liquefy when burning.Use a suitable glass or holder as these candles liquify when burning.